ENTRIES RSS

Archive for May 21, 2010

By Garry Wills…Forgive not: A Catholic’s struggle with the sins of his church

Friday, May 21, 2010

Gary Wills is one of America’s leading Catholic intellectuals and historians. When he speaks, people listen. Click to read the Wikipedia entry on Wills.

This 5.18.2010 piece from The New Republic was brought to my attention by Ann & Will Bruno, Sarah Pedraza, and George Bouchey. I thank all of them for spotting this important piece and letting me know about it.

http://www.tnr.com/article/forgive-not?page=0,2&passthru=MDFjNWQwNjRiMThkYmQ5MWQ4YzdjMGYwZDBiNzUxNDQ

The blurb at the end of the piece references Wills’s book Papal Sin, a book that had a profound effect on me as I read, read, and read to try to find out the why of the Catholic clergy sex abuse scandal, especially the scandal’s key cover-up part. If you haven’t read Papal Sin, I recommend that you do. Getting through Wills’s unique and sometimes dense (high fog index) and often infuriating prose in Papal Sin is worth the effort. I found the fog index in the following piece quite a bit less than that in Papal Sin.

Learn and enjoy.

* * *

Forgive Not

A Catholic’s struggle with the sins of his church.

  • Garry Wills
  • May 18, 2010 | 12:00 am

More From this Author

A Moral Revolutionary

This early in the twenty-first century, the rulers of the Catholic Church have suffered an earthquake of crumbling credibility. Nearly ten years ago, with the initial revelations about sexual abuse of the young by priests, some argued that the problem was limited in time and place, since most of the abuse cases had occurred 30 or 40 years before, and they took place in the United States. There was hope that an investigative and reformist effort would restore the U.S. Church’s authority. An emergency Dallas meeting of American bishops in 2002 and a lay inquiry with its recommendations in 2004 were supposed to make the problem go away.

But, ten years later, all across the globe, the problem has shown a stubborn refusal to subside. Pedophile scandals have devastated the Church in Ireland. Fresh horrors have come to light in the United States, especially in Wisconsin and Arizona. There are urgent investigations in Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Australia, and Italy. And the Pope himself has been implicated in the scandals, some of which occurred when he was Archbishop of Munich and some when he oversaw the treatment of pedophile reports at the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. This has led to calls for the Pope’s resignation, or arrest, or criminal indictment—things not even imaginable ten years ago.

It should come as no surprise that a world scandal has succeeded the American troubles. Leading members of the hierarchy in country after country dismissed the U.S. reports of abuse by priests as a thing made up by the hyperthyroid American press, out of an anti-Catholic animus, a pro-Jewish zeal, or the hope to cash in on Church wealth. It is no wonder these foreign cardinals have been blindsided by their own neglected scandals. At first, the Vatican rejected the measures taken by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, after their meeting in Dallas, as not being fair to accused priests, giving too much scope to lay panels of critics, and violating the confidentiality of confessions.

Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, at the time a second-in-command to Cardinal Ratzinger at the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and later the second-in-command (secretary of state) to Ratzinger as Pope Benedict, set the tone in an interview with an Italian magazine:

[T]here is a well-founded suspicion that some of these charges [of abuse], that arise well after the fact, serve only for making money in civil litigation. … In my opinion, the demand that a bishop be obligated to contact the police in order to denounce a priest who has admitted the offence of pedophilia is unfounded. … If a priest cannot confide in his bishop for fear of being denounced, then it would mean that there is no more liberty of conscience.

Bertone was soon chosen by the Vatican to serve on a panel that would soften the directives adopted by the American bishops for punishing pedophile priests. Another member of this panel, made up of eight bishops, was Cardinal Darío Castrillón Hoyos, the head of the Congregation for the Clergy, which handled all issues having to do with priests. Castrillón Hoyos was delegated to read a papal letter that mentioned the scandals, where he defended a policy of “keeping things within the family.” A third member of the panel was Archbishop Julián Herranz Casado, who attributed the pedophile scandal to American “exaggeration, financial exploitation, and nervousness.”

Some critics of the American bishops’ treatment of the pedophile problem cited an article from the Vatican-monitored newspaper Civiltà Cattolica, written by the dean of the canon law department at Rome’s Gregorian University, famous for training the clergy. It said that “the bishop and the superior [of religious orders] are neither morally nor judicially responsible for the acts committed by one of their clergy.” Among those attacking the Jewish press in the United States for causing the scandal was Cardinal Óscar Rodríguez Maradiaga, who said that the Vatican’s reception of Yasir Arafat had offended the media, that a supporter of feminism was judging the priests’ cases in Boston, and that Cardinal Bernard Law had been subjected to “Stalinist processes against Churchmen.” At a press conference in Rome, Rodriguez called the emphasis on the scandals by U.S. newspapers an “obsession [that] is a mental illness,” and a trick to get money from the Church:

When I was in the United States in the 1970s, there was a fashion when one slipped on a sidewalk to sue the owner of the house for millions. This became a kind of industry. I remember that people used to put on a neck brace and go find a lawyer. … So why now is there such interest in taking up these [pedophile] cases from the past? Because there is money in play. But we know that money doesn’t heal any wound. … If it were up to me, I would give the money neither to the lawyers nor even to the victims. … For me it would be a tragedy to reduce the role of a pastor to that of a cop. We are totally different, and I’d be prepared to go to jail rather than harm one of my priests.

The harm, you notice, was to the priests, not to the children they preyed on. The priests, Rodriguez said, can “also be victims.”

Members of the hierarchy outside the United States regularly called accusations against priests the real scandal. Cardinal Norberto Rivera Carrera of Mexico City said there was “an orchestrated plan for striking at the prestige of the Church” that constituted a “ferocious persecution.” Cardinal Jan Schotte of Belgium (where new scandals have now been reported) cited with approval the Civiltà Cattolica article by Father Gianfranco Ghirlanda, saying that the priests should not be accountable to secular authorities and noting that the Belgian bishops had successfully avoided turning over their records on the grounds that they were official Church documents. Cardinal Juan Sandoval Íñiguez of Guadalajara claimed that the Church was being persecuted for its opposition to abortion and its support of Palestinians:

The powerful don’t like what the Church affirms and testifies to regarding the defense of life and of the family. For the powerful of the world, the positions of the Church against the financial strangulation of the countries of the Third World and in favor of the millions and millions of robbed and exploited poor don’t go down well. The powerful also won’t tolerate the balanced position of the Church regarding the dramatic situation in the Holy Land.

Most of these reactions by the hierarchy date from two to four years after my book, Papal Sin, was published. But they show the same patterns of denial, evasion, defensiveness, accusation, and protestations of innocence and holiness that I had already analyzed. The U.S. scandals had not reached their height in 2000, and they did not lead me to write the book. The occasion for my doing so was a careful reading of Lord Acton’s collected historical writings. Though Acton was a lifelong Catholic, he had been a scathing critic of the First Vatican Council, and of the dishonest way Pius IX extracted from it a definition of papal infallibility. But he assured William Gladstone that a papacy that had survived the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre and had based its claims on fraud and forgery for centuries was just acting true to form.

Acton’s most famous criticisms of the papacy occurred in his dealings with Mandell Creighton in 1887. Creighton would later become the Anglican bishop of London, but, at the time, he was a professor of history at Cambridge University and the editor of the English Historical Review. He asked Acton to review in that journal volumes three and four of The History of the Papacy, which Creighton had just published. Acton attacked the volumes for whitewashing papal crimes. Creighton honorably published the review, despite its criticism of him, but, when Creighton wrote objecting to certain matters in the review, Acton sharpened his attack. His letter of April 5, 1887, contains this famous passage:

I cannot accept your canon that we are to judge Pope and King unlike other men, with a favorable presumption that they did no wrong. If there is any presumption, it is the other way, against holders of power, increasing as the power increases. Historic responsibility has to make up for the want of legal responsibility. Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. … There is no worse heresy than that the office sanctifies the holder of it.

Though Acton lived before the Second Vatican Council defined the Church as “the people of God,” the entirety of Acton’s writings prove that he never equated Catholicism with the papacy. He was too good a historian for that. The Pope is a freak of history—specifically, of medieval history. His office does not date from the early history of the Christian community. Peter was not a Pope, or a bishop, or a priest—offices that did not exist in his lifetime. There are no priests in the New Testament. Peter was not the leader of the Church in either Jerusalem or Rome—communities led, respectively, by James, Jesus’s brother, and Clement. Paul, at the famous clash in Antioch, showed that he did not think Peter a sound interpreter of Jesus’s message. Males were not the only ministers at the outset, as the apostle Junia proves. In fact the early preachers of the Gospel were often a husband-and-wife team.

When the current Pope was Cardinal Ratzinger, he was asked how so many Catholics could disregard official teachings of the hierarchy. He answered that doctrine is not set by majority vote. But that is precisely how creeds and doctrines were formulated. At the great Eastern councils, like that of Nicaea, hundreds of bishops from around the world voted on the deepest mysteries of the faith—the Trinity, the Incarnation, the Resurrection. And there was no Pope at any of those councils. The democracy that would be denounced by Pius IX had been practiced in the early Church, where priests and bishops were elected by the people, and bishops could no more leave a people, once elected, than a man could leave his wife. (That is why, for a long time, no bishop could become a Pope—he could not leave his diocese.)

In the Middle Ages, it was the worldly assumption that all authority had to be feudal or monarchical in character. So the Pope became a monarch. He ruled territories. He had armies, prisons, spies. These things were finally stripped from him, but not until the nineteenth century, and despite the frantic efforts of Pius IX to retain them. Even now, the vestigial papal state is being invoked to show that the Pope, as ruler of a sovereign government, cannot be called to account for priestly sins.

In keeping with its ahistorical and medieval roots, the papacy has been reflexively opposed to social changes. Pius IX condemned democracy as an evil and illegitimate form of government. The papacy has historically been at war with science—against the Enlightenment, against textual criticism from Erasmus’s time onward, against cosmology and astronomy in Galileo’s time, against the “liberalism” of Lamennais and others, against biology and geology in Darwin’s time, against psychology in Freud’s time—and, at present, against prenatal scans, in vitro fertilization, artificial insemination, surrogate motherhood, fetal stem-cell research, and condoms to prevent AIDS in Africa.

In order to protect what are considered timeless truths, for centuries, the papacy prevented the study of the Bible in its original Hebrew and Greek forms, insisting that only the Latin Bible of the Catholic liturgy be considered authoritative. It made it a condition of ordination that would-be priests take an oath against modernism, subscribing to the biblical simplisms of Pius X’s encyclical Pascendi. It tolerated when it did not encourage—until the 1960s!—the idea that the Jewish people were guilty of deicide.

Since the papacy has been frozen in a defensive crouch, defying historical fact and free inquiry, it has been opposed to anything that might diminish the power of the Church to define reality. The authority of the bishop, of the priest, of the papacy, was more important than the Gospel. It was considered the only power that could say what the Gospel is or demands. Thus, the covering-up of sacerdotal sins and errors was a given in the Church. The infantilism of priests, the combined sexual inexperience and prurience resulting from celibacy, the belief that a celibate male is more attuned to spiritual reality than a married man—all this created a framework where sins, when they occurred, had to be denied, the victims had to be blamed, the solution to the problem was simply one of praying harder. Where therapy failed, the confessional would take the sinner with spiritual force beyond the worldly wisdom of psychiatrists.

Even now, as Church leaders belatedly try to repent and repair things, the mythical underpinnings of the priestly system continue to be taught—that only celibates can be priests (the apostles were married, all but Paul), that refusal to marry gives a man a superior caringness, that it makes him unworldly and concerned with other souls. What real change can occur when such myths are clung to with a blind ferocity? The resistance to change can be seen in the fact that the papacy has not faced the facts of a priesthood dwindling in both numbers and quality, of a financial base eroding as Church attendance goes down and donations dry up, even as damages in the billions must be paid to victims of “holy” predators. The wonderful teaching and nursing services of the nuns have evaporated.

The reaction of the hierarchy has been to dig itself even deeper into the past—to blame the Church’s troubles on such old evils as secularism, relativism, positivism, pluralism, and a “permissive” culture. The Second Vatican Council is blamed as well, and the Popes have tried to blunt or reverse its changes. Pope Benedict wants to go back to the Latin mass, with the priest turned from the people. He has cut back ecumenical initiatives, denying again the validity of Anglican orders, forbidding concelebration of Mass with Protestants, declaring (in Dominus Iesus) that all other churches are “gravely deficient.” He wants to put nuns back in their habits. He is driving to canonize the anti-Semitic Popes Pius IX and Pius XII. These are further signs of the structures of deceit—of self-deception as the first step to defying “worldly wisdom.”

I am asked, if I believe this, why I remain a Catholic. I do that precisely because I do not equate the people of God with the papacy. Well, I am told, other churches honor the Creed and the Gospel without the burden of a papacy as outdated as the medieval costumes it affects. I want to be at one with Anglicans, Lutherans, Presbyterians, and others; but I want all of these communions to come together, and I cannot do that by renouncing the Catholic membership in such an ecumenical Christianity, saying some churches are better than others. When the disciples of Jesus came back from their first mission away from him, the apostle John reported, “Master, we saw a man driving out evil in our name, and he was not one of us, we tried to stop him.” Jesus asks why they did that: “No one who does a work of divine power in my name will be able the next moment to speak evil of me” (Mark 9:38-39). All of us who honor his name must come together. When a Catholic tells me—often these days, it is a young woman—that she can no longer put up with the male monarchical Church, I tell her, “Stay with us, we need you. The people of God need you.”

All those who honor the name of Jesus are engaged in a joint search for the Jesus who will not be found in marble halls or wearing imperial costumes. He is forever on the run. He is the one who said, “Whatever you did to any of my brothers, even the lowliest [elackistoi], you did to me” (Matthew 25:41). That means that the priests abusing the vulnerable young were doing that to Jesus, raping Jesus. Any clerical functionary who shows more sympathy for the predator priests than for their victims instantly disqualifies himself as a follower of Jesus. The cardinals said they must care for their own, going to jail if necessary to protect a priest. We say the same thing, but the “our own” we care for are the victimized, the poor, the violated. They are Jesus.

Garry Wills is the author, most recently, of Bomb Power. A tenth-anniversary edition of his book Papal Sin will be published later this year.

ABSOLUTE MUST READ: Tom Doyle provides an intimate glimpse into his personal spiritual journey

Friday, May 21, 2010

The following very personal note from Tom Doyle about his spiritual journey is an introductory statement to his revised clergy sex abuse bibliography, dated May 20, 2010.  [Click here to go to the bibliography.]

* * *

The latest version of my on-going bibliography is attached.  The new listings, as is usually the case, are in red. There are three new additions I want to comment on.

Over the course of my years of involvement with the clergy sexual abuse “happening” I have learned that the damage done to the spirituality of the victims has been considerable and in many ways, more difficult to deal with than either the emotional or psychological damage.  The victims are not alone in suffering grave spiritual damage.  Many of those directly or even indirectly involved with this whole complex phenomenon have found themselves in a growing quandary with their belief systems.  I am one of them.  For years my belief system and the objects of my faith were gradually shifting, often in ways I did not even notice.  Most of what I had been taught about Faith, about Beliefs, about Trust in the human or earthly dimensions of the community of believers, the institutional Church, came under assault.  I had believed what the official church had told me without much questioning.  I accepted that the Church was what it was and I bought into all of the standard explanations for the historical departures of the institutional Church and its leaders from basic Christian decency and certainly from honesty…like the inquisition, the crusades, the approval of slavery, the colonization of the new world and the Vatican’s diplomatic ties to Hitler and Mussolini.  My serious questioning started when I found myself on the inside looking out as the clergy sex abuse scandal started to unfold back in 1984.  As I saw first-hand the duplicity and institutionalized lying of the self-proclaimed “successors of the Apostles” I slowly began to wonder if the apostles weren’t actually a cabal of anti-Christian dolts or on the other hand, I wondered if the infallible connection between the popes, bishops and church monarchy was neither infallible nor divinely willed.
It was not exactly a pleasant or secure feeling as my not-quite-paralyzed brain began to ask the inevitable question:  “If they can easily lie about raping innocent little children, can they just as easily lie about everything else?” The next stop on the journey was actually the first stop:  taking the risk of asking myself what was and was not true and viable about everything else I had been told to believe.  I finally paused long enough to let soak in the reality of this deeply embedded dynamic:  I  (all of us actually) had been  consistently told what I must believe.  I had never been asked to believe or offered the option of figuring the basics out for myself. ” This no longer worked for me.

This is a long introduction to a short book review but hopefully it will put my observations about the three books in a believable perspective.

The next stop in the journey necessarily came very soon after the first stop.  The second stop was the cognitive and emotional acceptance of my right to question…anything and everything I had been taught that was supposed to be true about the institutional Church, the people running the institutional Church and the entire body of dogmas that were required for membership in the institutional church.  Along the way I began to understand what I had for so long taken for granted:  that spirituality isn’t an affect, appearance or attitude that some acquired (to their institutional benefit) and others never seemed to “get”, (like me).  I began to realize that there was a gaping hole inside of me that had a depth I never thought possible. I tried to fill that emptiness with other things for  awhile but none of them worked.  I finally realized that spirituality is not something acquired and it certainly cannot be accurately equated with or measured by outward piety.  For me, the journey into the realization of my spirituality had to reach the point where I seriously questioned the very existence and nature of God.  It was at that stage when I came to the frightening acceptance of my need to get rid of the Catholic god I had feared and find someone or something that made sense.  I believe I found it early on in my upward and often steep path through the Twelve Steps.  The Higher Power was significantly different from the images of the supreme being I had labored under for most of my life.  If the veracity of this Higher Power was in any way demonstrated in the lives of the other people I met at Twelve Step meetings, then I had come upon the real thing.

I was and still am left with figuring out where the reality of the Church, religious life and ultimately Jesus Christ fit into a life that has this spirituality as its core.  I have tried really listening to others, meditating and reading.  All three have been much more helpful than blindly accepting various and sundry ecclesiastically-based pronouncements, dogmas etc.

Lately I have read three books that have been a great help to me:  Clerical Error by Robert Blair Kaiser.  This is his autobiography but its really the story of the journey of a soul. Its highly readable, credible and for me, helpful.  Bob Kaiser was a Jesuit scholastic for ten years.  He had the unique opportunity to have been Time Magazine’s correspondent at Vatican II and since then has been an eminent journalist, writer, thinker and theologian.  His book helped me put a lot of disparate elements together.  Bob has helped me believe that true ecclesiastical reform is not only possible but worth hoping for.

Cynthia Bourgeault is an Episcopal priest, an author, a spiritual theologian and a contemplative.  The two books included in this version of my bibliography, The Wisdom Jesus and The Wisdom Way of Knowing present an image of Jesus that is believable and radically different from the model of a junior God who works for his father, the grave judge, in trying to square off this messy world by way of edicts, threats and punishment.  In a nutshell, Cynthia opens the path to accepting Jesus and all he stands for with the heart and not by way of dogma, rules or fear.

In conclusion, for those who are also on this journey, I’d highly recommend anything written by John Shelby Spong, retired Episcopal Bishop of Newark and one of the most fearless and believable theologians I have ever encountered.

Onward and upward
Tom Doyle

* * *

Tom Doyle’s Revised Clergy Sexual Abuse Bibliography, May 20, 2010

Friday, May 21, 2010

Today I received Tom Doyle’s latest Revised Clergy Sexual Abuse Bibliography, dated May 20, 2010. First is Tom’s very intimate personal sharing of his spiritual journey. This is followed by the revised bibliography.

* * *

The latest version of my on-going bibliography is attached [see below].  The new listings, as is usually the case, are in red. There are three new additions I want to comment on.

Over the course of my years of involvement with the clergy sexual abuse “happening” I have learned that the damage done to the spirituality of the victims has been considerable and in many ways, more difficult to deal with than either the emotional or psychological damage.  The victims are not alone in suffering grave spiritual damage.  Many of those directly or even indirectly involved with this whole complex phenomenon have found themselves in a growing quandary with their belief systems.  I am one of them.  For years my belief system and the objects of my faith were gradually shifting, often in ways I did not even notice.  Most of what I had been taught about Faith, about Beliefs, about Trust in the human or earthly dimensions of the community of believers, the institutional Church, came under assault.  I had believed what the official church had told me without much questioning.  I accepted that the Church was what it was and I bought into all of the standard explanations for the historical departures of the institutional Church and its leaders from basic Christian decency and certainly from honesty…like the inquisition, the crusades, the approval of slavery, the colonization of the new world and the Vatican’s diplomatic ties to Hitler and Mussolini.  My serious questioning started when I found myself on the inside looking out as the clergy sex abuse scandal started to unfold back in 1984.  As I saw first-hand the duplicity and institutionalized lying of the self-proclaimed “successors of the Apostles” I slowly began to wonder if the apostles weren’t actually a cabal of anti-Christian dolts or on the other hand, I wondered if the infallible connection between the popes, bishops and church monarchy was neither infallible nor divinely willed.

It was not exactly a pleasant or secure feeling as my not-quite-paralyzed brain began to ask the inevitable question:  “If they can easily lie about raping innocent little children, can they just as easily lie about everything else?” The next stop on the journey was actually the first stop:  taking the risk of asking myself what was and was not true and viable about everything else I had been told to believe.  I finally paused long enough to let soak in the reality of this deeply embedded dynamic:  I  (all of us actually) had been  consistently told what I must believe.  I had never been asked to believe or offered the option of figuring the basics out for myself. ” This no longer worked for me.

This is a long introduction to a short book review but hopefully it will put my observations about the three books in a believable perspective.

The next stop in the journey necessarily came very soon after the first stop.  The second stop was the cognitive and emotional acceptance of my right to question…anything and everything I had been taught that was supposed to be true about the institutional Church, the people running the institutional Church and the entire body of dogmas that were required for membership in the institutional church.  Along the way I began to understand what I had for so long taken for granted:  that spirituality isn’t an affect, appearance or attitude that some acquired (to their institutional benefit) and others never seemed to “get”, (like me).  I began to realize that there was a gaping hole inside of me that had a depth I never thought possible. I tried to fill that emptiness with other things for  awhile but none of them worked.  I finally realized that spirituality is not something acquired and it certainly cannot be accurately equated with or measured by outward piety.  For me, the journey into the realization of my spirituality had to reach the point where I seriously questioned the very existence and nature of God.  It was at that stage when I came to the frightening acceptance of my need to get rid of the Catholic god I had feared and find someone or something that made sense.  I believe I found it early on in my upward and often steep path through the Twelve Steps.  The Higher Power was significantly different from the images of the supreme being I had labored under for most of my life.  If the veracity of this Higher Power was in any way demonstrated in the lives of the other people I met at Twelve Step meetings, then I had come upon the real thing.

I was and still am left with figuring out where the reality of the Church, religious life and ultimately Jesus Christ fit into a life that has this spirituality as its core.  I have tried really listening to others, meditating and reading.  All three have been much more helpful than blindly accepting various and sundry ecclesiastically-based pronouncements, dogmas etc.
Lately I have read three books that have been a great help to me:  Clerical Error by Robert Blair Kaiser.  This is his autobiography but its really the story of the journey of a soul. Its highly readable, credible and for me, helpful.  Bob Kaiser was a Jesuit scholastic for ten years.  He had the unique opportunity to have been Time Magazine’s correspondent at Vatican II and since then has been an eminent journalist, writer, thinker and theologian.  His book helped me put a lot of disparate elements together.  Bob has helped me believe that true ecclesiastical reform is not only possible but worth hoping for.

Cynthia Bourgeault is an Episcopal priest, an author, a spiritual theologian and a contemplative.  The two books included in this version of my bibliography, The Wisdom Jesus and The Wisdom Way of Knowing present an image of Jesus that is believable and radically different from the model of a junior God who works for his father, the grave judge, in trying to square off this messy world by way of edicts, threats and punishment.  In a nutshell, Cynthia opens the path to accepting Jesus and all he stands for with the heart and not by way of dogma, rules or fear.

In conclusion, for those who are also on this journey, I’d highly recommend anything written by John Shelby Spong, retired Episcopal Bishop of Newark and one of the most fearless and believable theologians I have ever encountered.

Onward and upward
Tom Doyle
* * *

CLERGY SEXUAL ABUSE

BIBLIOGRAPHY

OF

SELECTED SOURCES RELATED TO CLERGY SEXUAL ABUSE,

ECCLESIASTICAL POLITICS AND THEOLOGY AND CHURCH HISTORY

Thomas P. Doyle

Revised May 20, 2010

* * *

CONTENTS

BOOKS

BOOKS:  SEXUAL ABUSE BY CLERGY                                              3

BOOKS:  THEOLOGICAL AND GENERAL                                        9

BOOKS:  SOCIOLOGY, PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION                     16

BOOKS:  CANON LAW                                                                             19

BOOKS:  CIVIL LAW                                                                                21

BOOKS:  HISTORY                                                                                    21

BOOKS:  SEXUAL ABUSE, PSYCHOLOGY AND TRAUMA                       29

ARTICLES

ARTICLES:  SEXUAL ABUSE BY CLERGY                                       32

ARTICLES:  GENERAL                                                                           37

ARTICLES:  CANON LAW                                                                      39

ARTICLES:  CANON LAW & PROPERTY OWNERSHIP                43

ARTICLES:  CIVIL LAW                                                                         44

ARTICLES:  HISTORICAL STUDIES                                                    52

ARTICLES:  SEXUAL ABUSE AND TRAUMA                                               54

BOOKS:  SEXUAL ABUSE BY CLERGY

Balboni, Barbara Susan. THROUGH THE LENS OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE PERSPECTIVE: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF AMERICAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS’ UNDERSTANDING OF CLERGY SEXUAL MOLESTATION AND ABUSE OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS.  Ph.D. Dissertation. Law, Policy, and Society.  Boston, Massachusetts. Northeastern University, September, 1998.

Bausch, William.  BREAKING TRUST.  A PRIEST LOOKS AT THE SCANDAL OF SEXUAL ABUSE.  Mystick CT.  Twenty Third Publications. 2002.

Bell, Roy and Grenz, Stanley.  BETRAYAL OF TRUST: SEXUAL MISCONDUCT IN THE    PASTORATE. Downers Grove, IL. Intervarsity Press. 1995.

Benyei, Candace Reed.  UNDERSTANDING CLERGY MISCONDUCT IN RELIGIOUS SYSTEMS: SCAPEGOATING, FAMILY SECRETS, AND THE ABUSE OF POWER.  New York. Haworth Pastoral Press.  1998.

Berry, Jason.  LEAD US NOT INTO TEMPTATION.  New York.  Doubleday, 1992.

Berry, Jason and Renner, Gerald.  VOWS OF SILENCE. New York. Free Press. 2004.

Bianchi, Eugene.  THE CHILDREN’S CRUSADE.  Thiensville, WI.  Caritas Communications.  2008.

Boston Globe. Investigative Staff.  BETRAYAL: THE CRISIS IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. Boston, New York, London.  Little Brown and Company. 2002.

Breslin, Jimmy. THE CHURCH THAT FORGOT CHRIST.  New York.  The Free Press. 2004.

Brown, Christa.  THIS LITTLE LIGHT: BEYOND A BAPTIST PREACHER, PREDATOR AND HIS GANG.  Cedarburg WI.  Foremost Press.  2009.

Brown, Joanne Carlson and Bohn, Carole.  CHRISTIANITY, PATRIARCHY AND ABUSE. Pilgrim Press.1989.

Burkett, Elinor and Bruni, Frank.  A GOSPEL OF SHAME.  New York.  Viking Press, 1994.

Chinnici, Joseph P.  WHEN WORLDS COLLIDE: THE Catholic CHURCH, SEXUAL ABUSE AND THE CHALLENGES OF LEADERSHIP.  New York.  Orbis Books.  2010.

Chirban, John T.  Ed. CLERGY SEXUAL MISCONDUCT: ORTHODOX CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVES. Brookline MA. Hellenic College Press.  1994.

Coldrey, Barry.  RELIGIOUS LIFE WITHOUT INTEGRITY.  Melbourne.  Tamanirak Press, 2000.

Coldrey, Barry.  THE SCHEME: THE CHRISTIAN BROTHERS AND CHILDCARE IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA.  Melbourne.  Argyle-Pacific.  1994.

Coldrey, Barry.  A CHRISTIAN APOCALYPSE: THE SEXUAL ABUSE CRISIS IN THE      CATHOLIC CHURCH, 1984-2004.  Melbourne, Australia.  Tamanarak Press, 2004.

Conway, Eamonn, Duffy, Eugene, Shields, Attracta.  THE CHURCH AND CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE: TOWARDS A PASTORAL RESPONSE.  Dublin.  The Columba Press. 1999.

Cornwell, John.  SEMINARY BOY.  New York.  Doubleday.  2006.

Cozzens, Donald.  THE CHANGING FACE OF THE PRIESTHOOD.  Collegeville.  Liturgical Press, 2000.

Cozzens, Donald.  SACRED SILENCE: DENIAL AND CRISIS IN THE CHURCH. Collegeville MN. Liturgical Press.  2002.

Cozzens, Donald.  FAITH THAT DARES TO SPEAK.  Collegeville   Liturgical Press.  2004.

Crewdson, John.  BY SILENCE BETRAYED: SEXUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN IN AMERICA. Boston. Little, Brown and Company.  1988.

Dokecki, Paul.  THE CLERGY SEXUAL ABUSE CRISIS: REFORM AND RENEWAL IN THE CATHOLIC COMMUNITY.  Washington DC.  Georgetown University Press.  2004.

Doyle, Paddy.  THE GOD SQUAD.  Berkshire, G.B.  Corgi Press.  1988.

Eslava,Galan Juan.  EL SEXO DE NUESTROS PADRES.  Barcelona. Planeta.  1993.

Fairbanks, Catherine Britton.  HIDING BEHIND THE COLLAR.  Frederick MD.           Publish America. 2002.

Feierman, Jay, MD.  PEDOPHILIA: BIOSOCIAL DIMENSIONS.  New York. Springer-Verlag. 1990.

Ferro, Jeffrey.  SEXUAL MISCONDUCT AND THE CLERGY.  New York. Facts on File, Inc.  2005.

Fleming, Patrick, Lauber-Fleming, Sue, Matousek, Mark.  BROKEN TRUST:  STORIES OF HOPE AND HEALING FROM CLERICAL ABUSERS AND SURVIVORS.  Crossroad Press.  2007

Flynn, Kathryn.  SEXUAL ABUSE OF WOMEN BY MEMBERS OF THE CLERGY. Mcfarland and            Company.  2003.

Flynn, Eileen.  CATHOLICS AT A CROSSROADS: COVERUP, CRISIS AND CURE.  New York.  Paraview Press.  2003.

Fortune, Marie.  IS NOTHING SACRED?  San Francisco.  Harper.  1989.

Fortune, Marie M. & Longwood, W. Merle. Editors.  SEXUAL ABUSE IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH: TRUSTING THE CLERGY.  Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Pastoral Press, 2003.

France, David.  OUR FATHERS.  New York.  Broadway Books.  2004.

Frawley, Mary Gail and Messler, Jody.  TREATING THE ADULT SURVIVOR OF        CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE. New York.  Basic Books. 1994.

Frawley O=Dea, Mary Gail and Goldner, Virginia.  Editors.  STUDIES IN GENDER AND SEXUALITY.  Special Issue: THE SEXUAL ABUSE CRISIS IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.  Volume 5, Numbers 1 and 2. 2004.  Hillsdale, NJ.  The Analytic Press.  2004.

Frawley-O=Dea, Mary Gail.  PERVERSION OF POWER: SEXUAL ABUSE IN THE   CATHOLIC CHURCH.  Vanderbilt University Press, 2007.

Friberg, Nils and Laaser, Mark.  BEFORE THE FALL.  PREVENTING PASTORAL SEXUAL ABUSE.  Collegeville MN.  The Liturgical Press.  1998.

Gardner, Richard.  SEX ABUSE HYSTERIA.  Creative Therapeutics, 155 County Rd., Cresskill NJ.

Gerdes, Louise, editor.  CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.  Greenhaven Press, 2003.

Gonsiorek, John.  BREACH OF TRUST.  Thousand Oaks, CA.  Sage Publications.  1995

Gonsiorek, John.  MALE SEXUAL ABUSE.  Thousand Oaks CA.  Sage Publications, 1990.

Goode, Helen, McGee, Hannah, O=Boyle, Ciaran.  TIME TO LISTEN: CONFRONTING CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE BY CATHOLIC CLERGY IN IRELAND. Dublin.  The Liffey Press. 2003.

Grace, Sonja.  GARLANDS FROM ASHES: HEALING FROM CLERGY ABUSE.  Wanganui, Australia. Garlands. 1999.

Haggett, Louise. THE BINGO REPORT: MANDATORY CELIBACY AND CLERGY SEXUAL ABUSE.  Freeport Maine.  Center for the Study of Religious Issues.  2005.

Harris, M.  UNHOLY ORDER: TRAGEDY AT MOUNT CASHEL.  Ontario. Viking Press.  1990.

Hastings, Anne Sterling.  FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION: UNDERSTANDING SEXUAL ATTRACTION TO CHILDREN.  Gretna LA.  Wellness Institute.  2000.

Heggen, Carolyn.  SEXUAL ABUSE IN CHRISTIAN HOMES AND CHURCHES.  Eugene, Oregon. Wipf and Stock.  1993.

Henton, Darcy and McCann, David.  BOYS DON=T CRY. Toronto.  Stewart. 1995.

Hidalgo, Myra.  SEXUAL ABUSE AND THE CULTURE OF CATHOLICISM: HOW PRIESTS AND NUNS BECOME PERPETRATORS.  New York.  Haworth Press.  2007.

Hopkins, Nancy and Laaser, Mark. RESTORING THE SOUL OF A CHURCH. Collegeville MN. The Liturgical Press.  1995.

Hopkins, Nancy Myer. Editor. CLERGY SEXUAL MISCONDUCT: A SYSTEMS PERSPECTIVE. SPECIAL PAPERS AND RESEARCH REPORTS SERIES. No. OD99.  Bethesda, MD: The Alban Institute, Inc. 1993.

Horst, Elisabeth.  RECOVERING THE LOST SELF: SHAME HEALING FOR VICTIMS OF CLERGY SEXUAL ABUSE.  Collegeville MN.  The Liturgical Press, 1998.

Horst, Elizabeth.  QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT CLERGY SEXUAL MISCONDUCT. Collegeville, MN.  Liturgical Press.  2000.

Horton, Anne and Williamson, Judith.  ABUSE AND RELIGION: WHEN PRAYING ISN=T ENOUGH.  New York. Lexington. 1988.

Hunter, Mic.  HONOR BETRAYED:  SEXUAL ABUSE IN AMERICA’S MILITARY.  Fort Lee NJ.  Barricade Books.  2007.

Isely, Paul.  IN THEIR OWN VOICES.  A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF MEN SEXUALLY ABUSED AS CHILDREN BY CATHOLIC CLERGY.

Jenkins, Philip.  PEDOPHILES AND PRIESTS.  New York.  Oxford University Press.  1996.

Jenkins, Philip.  MORAL PANIC: CHANGING CONCEPTS OF THE CHILD MOLESTER IN           MODERN AMERICA. New Haven. Yale University Press, 1998.

John Jay College of Criminal Justice.  THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABUSE OF MINORS BY PRIESTS AND DEACONS.  Washington, D.C. USCCB. 2004.

Johnson, David and VanVonderen, Jeff. THE SUBTLE POWER OF SPIRITUAL ABUSE.  Minneapolis. Bethany Press.  1991.

Kempe, Ruth.  THE COMMON SECRET: SEXUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS. New York.  W.H. Freeman.  1984.

Kitzinger, Jenny.  FRAMING ABUSE: MEDIA INFLUENCE AND PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST CHILDREN.  London.  Pluto.  2004.

Knockwood, Isabelle.  OUT OF THE DEPTHS: THE EXPERIENCES OF THE Mi”kmaw CHILDREN At THE INDIAN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL AT SHUBENACADIE, NOVA SCOTIA.  Lockport, NS.  Roseway Publishing.  2005.

Lawlor, Kevin, editor.  THE END OF INNOCENCE: CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE IN IRELAND. Cork.  Oak Tree Press.  2001.

Levine, Judith.  HARMFUL TO MINORS: THE PERILS OF PROTECTING CHILDREN FROM SEX.             Minneapolis.  University of Minnesota Press.  2002.

Likoudis, Paul.  AMCHURCH COMES OUT:  THE U.S. BISHOPS, PEDOHILE SCANDALS AND THE HOMOSEXUAL AGENDA.  Illinois.  Roman Catholic Faithful.  2002.

Linacre Institute.  AFTER ASCETICISM: SEX, PRAYER AND DEVIANT PRIESTS.              Bloomington IN. Author House.  2006.

McGlone, Gerard, Shrader, Mary, Delgatto, Laurie.  CREATING SAFE AND SACRED PLACES.  Winona, MN.  St. Mary=s Press.  2005.

Mullings, Janet, Marquart, James, Hartley, Deborah, editors.  THE VICTIMIZATION OF CHILDREN: EMERGING ISSUES.  New York.  Haworth Press. 2004.

Nelson, Jay.  SONS OF PERDITION. New Mexico.  2009.

O’Beirne, Kathy.  DON’T EVER TELL.  Edinburgh.  Mainstream Publishing. 2006.

O=Connor, Alison.  A MESSAGE FROM HEAVEN: THE LIFE AND CRIMES OF FATHER SEAN FORTUNE.  Kerry, Ireland.  Brandon.  2000.

O’Gorman, Colm.  BEYOND BELIEF. London.  Hodder and Stoughton.  2009.

O=Grady, Ron.  THE HIDDEN SHAME OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH: SEXUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN AND THE CHURCH.  Switzerland.  Consul Oecumenique.  2002.

Phillips, Donald.  UNTO US A CHILD: ABUSE AND DECEPTION IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. Irving, Texas. Tapestry Press, 2002.

Plante, Thomas, Editor.  BLESS ME FATHER FOR I HAVE SINNED: PERSPECTIVES ON SEXUAL ABUSE COMMITTED BY ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIESTS.  Westport, CT.  Praeger, 1999.

Plante, Thomas, Editor.  SIN AGAINST THE INNOCENTS: SEXUAL ABUSE BY PRIESTS AND THE ROLE OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.  Westport CT. Praeger. 2004.

Podles, Leon J.  SACRILEGE: SEXUAL ABUSE IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.  Maryland.  Crossland Press.  2006.

Poling, Nancy Werking. Editor.  VICTIM TO SURVIVOR: WOMEN RECOVERING FROM CLERGY SEXUAL ABUSE.  Cleveland.  United Church Press.

Porter, Muriel.  SEX, POWER AND THE CLERGY. Victoria, Australia. Hardie Grant Books.    2003.

Raftery, Mary, O=Sullivan, Eoin.  SUFFER THE LITTLE CHILDREN: THE INSIDE STORY OF IRELAND=S INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS.  New York.  Continuum.  1999.

Reynolds, Lisa Rene.  COMING OUT AND COVERING UP: Catholic PRIETS TALK ABOUT          SEX SCANDALS IN THE CHURCH.  John Rutledge.  Editor.  2009.

Richardson, Kim Michele.  THE UNBREAKABLE CHILD.  Clearwater, FL.  Kunati.  2009.

Rigert, Joe.  AN IRISH TRAGEDY:  HOW SEXUAL ABUSE BY IRISH PRIESTS HELPED             CRIPPLED THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.  Baltimore.  Crossland Press.  2008.

Robinson, Barry J.  LUCIFER GROWS IN OUR GARDEN.  Canada.  Fernstone.  2004.

Robinson, Geoffrey.  CONFRONTING POWER AND SEX IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.              Mulgrave, Victoria, Australia.  John Garrett Publishing.  2007.

Rodriguez, Pepe.  LA VIDA SEXUAL DEL CLERO. Barcelona.  Ediciones B.  1995.

Rossetti, Stephen.  SLAYER OF THE SOUL.  Mystick CT. Twenty-Third Publications. 1990.

Rossetti, Stephen.  A TRAGIC GRACE.  Collegeville MN.  The Liturgical Press.  1996.

Rutter, Peter, M.D.  SEX IN THE FORBIDDEN ZONE.  New York.  Fawcett Columbine. 1989.

Sennott, Charles.  BROKEN COVENANT.  New York.  Simon & Schuster. 1992.

Shupe, Anson.  IN THE NAME OF ALL THAT=S HOLY.  London. Praeger. 1995

Shupe, Anson. WOLVES WITHIN THE FOLD.  New Brunswick, CT.  Rutgers University

Press. 1998.

Shupe, Anson.  BAD PASTORS: CLERGY MISCONDUCT IN MODERN AMERICA.  New

York. University Press, 2000.

Shupe, Anson.  SPOILS OF THE KINGDOM: CLERGY MISCONDUCT AND RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY.  Chicago.  University of Illinois Press.  2007.

Sipe, A.W. Richard.  A SECRET WORLD: SEXUALITY AND THE SEARCH FOR

CELIBACY.  New York.  Brunner-Mazel.  1990.

Sipe, A.W. Richard.  SEX, PRIESTS AND POWER.  New York.  Brunner-Mazel.  1995

Sipe, A.W. Richard.  CELIBACY.  Ligouri MO.  Triumph Press, 1996.

Sipe, A.W. Richard.  CELIBACY IN CRISIS: A SECRET WORLD REVISITED. New York.

Brunner-Routledge. 2003.

Sperry, Len.  SEX, PRIESTLY MINISTRY AND THE CHURCH.  Collegeville. The Liturgical             Press.  2003.

Stiles, Hilary. THE ASSAULT ON INNOCENCE.  Albuquerque.  B & K Publishers.  1987.

Thigpen, Thomas, editor.  SHAKEN BY SCANDALS: CATHOLICS SPEAK OUT ABOUT

PRIESTS’ SEXUAL ABUSE.  Charis Books.  2002.

Thompson, Ann.  SAY SORRY.  Rosedale NZ.  Penguin Books.  2009.

Van Dam, Carla.  THE SOCIALLY SKILLED CHILD MOLESTER.  New York.  The Haworth Press. 2006.

Van Der Zee, John.  AGONY IN THE GARDEN: SEX, LIES AND REDEMPTION FROM

THE TROUBLED HEART OF THE AMERICAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.  New York.  Thunder=s Mouth Press/Nation Books.  2002.

Whitfield, Charles, Silberg, Joyanna, Fink, Paul Jay. Editors.  MISINFORMATION CONCERNING CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE AND ADULT SURVIVORS.  New York.

Haworth Press. 2001.

Wolmar, Christian.  FORGOTTEN CHILDREN: THE SECRET ABUSE SCANDAL IN CHILDRENS’ HOMES. London. Vision. 2000.

BOOKS:  THEOLOGICAL AND GENERAL

Abbott, Elizabeth.  A HISTORY OF CELIBACY.  New York.  Scribner.  1999.

Allport, Gordon.  THE INDIVIDUAL AND HIS RELIGION.  New York.  The MacMillan Company.  1954.

Anciaux, Paul.  THE EPISCOPATE IN THE CHURCH.  Staten Island.  Alba House.  1965.

Anonymous.  AGAINST RATZINGER.  New York. Seven Stories Press.  2008.

Armstrong, Karen.  THE GREAT TRANSFORMATION.  New York.  Anchor Books.  2006.

Armstrong, Karen.  THE CASE FOR GOD.  New York.  Alfred A. Knopf.  2009.

Bartunek, Jean, Hinsdale, Mary Ann, Keenan, James. CHURCH ETHICS AND ITS                    ORGANIZATIONAL CONTEXT.  New York.  Sheed and Ward.  2004.

Bass, Diane Butler.  A PEOPLE’S HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY.  New York.  Harper Collins.  2009.

Beier, Matthias.  A VIOLENT GOD IMAGE. New York.  Continuum.  2006.

Bloomer, George.  AUTHORITY ABUSERS: BREAKING FREE FROM SPIRITUAL ABUSE.  New Kensington PA.  Whitaker House.  1995.

Booth, Leo.  WHEN GOD BECOMES A DRUG. New York, Putnam, 1991.

Booth, Leo.  THE GOD GAME: IT’S YOUR MOVE. Long beach, CA: SCP Press, 1998.

Bourgeault, Cynthia.  THE WISDOM WAY OF KNOWING. San Francisco.  Jossey-Bass.   2003.

Bourgeault, Cynthia.  THE WISDOM JESUS. Boston.  Shambhala. 2008.

Boyer, Pascal.  RELIGION EXPLAINED: THE EVOLUTIONARY ORIGINS OF RELIGIOUS             THOUGHT.  New York.  Basic Books.  2001.

Briggs, Kenneth.  DOUBLE CROSSED: UNCOVERING THE CATHOLIC CHURCH=S BETRAYAL OF AMERICAN NUNS.  New York.  Doubleday.  2006.

Buckley, Pat.  A SEXUAL LIFE, A SPIRITUAL LIFE. Dublin.  The Liffey Press. 2005.

Cahill, Lisa Sowle.  SEX, GENDER AND CHRISTIAN ETHICS.  Cambridge.  Cambridge        University Press, 1996.

Canosa, Romano.  SESSUALITA E INQUISIZIONE IN ITALIA TRA CINQUECENTO E SEICENTO.  Roma.  Sapere 2000. 1994.

Carroll, James.  TOWARD A NEW CATHOLIC CHURCH. Boston.  Houghton Mifflin                         Company. 2002.

Carroll, James.  PRACTICING CATHOLIC. New York.  Houghton, Mifflin, Harcourt. 2009.

Carroll, Michael.  THE CULT OF THE VIRGIN MARY:  PSYCHOLOGICAL ORIGINS.  Princeton.  Princeton University Press.  1986.

Clarkson, Frederick.  ETERNAL HOSTILITY: THE STRUGGLE BETWEEN THEOCRACY AND DEMOCRACY.  Maine.  Common Courage Press. 1997.

Collins, Paul.  PAPAL POWER.  London.  Harper Collins.  1997.

Collins, Paul.  GOD=S NEW MAN: THE ELECTION OF BENEDICT XVI AND THE LEGACY OF JOHN PAUL II.  London.  Burns and Oates.  2005.

Collins, Raymond F.  SEXUAL ETHICS AND THE NEW TESTAMENT.  New York.  Crossroads Publishing Company.  2000.

Congar, Yves.  LAY PEOPLE IN THE CHURCH: A STUDY FOR A THEOLOGY OF THE   LAITY.  Westminster MD, Newman Press. 1957.

Congregation for Catholic Education.  A GUIDE TO FORMATION IN PRIESTLY CELIBACY.  April 11, 1974. Washington DC. U.S. Catholic Conference.

Cooney, John.  JOHN CHARLES MCQUAID: RULER OF CATHOLIC IRELAND. Dublin.  O=Brien Press.  1999.

Cornwell, John.  THE PONTIFF IN WINTER.  New York. Doubleday. 2004.

Cozzens, Donald.  FREEING CELIBACY. Collegeville MN.  Liturgical Press.  2006.

Crosby, Michael.  THE DYSFUNCTIONAL CHURCH: ADDICTION AND CODEPENDENCY IN THE FAMILY OF CATHOLICISM.  Notre Dame University.  Ave Maria Press.  1991.

Crosby, Michael. CELIBACY: MEANS OF CONTROL OR MANDATE OF THE HEART. Notre Dame, IN.  Ave Maria Press. 1996.

Crosby, Michael. RETHINKING CELIBACY, RECLAIMING THE CHURCH. Eugene, OR.  Wipf and Stock publishers. 2003.

Curran, Charles E.  THE MORAL THEOLOGY OF POPE JOHN PAUL II.  Washington DC. Georgetown University Press.  2005.

D’Antonio, William, Davidson, James, Hoge, Dean, Gautier, Mary.  AMERICAN CATHOLICS TODAY.  Lanham, Maryland.  Sheed and Ward.  2007.

Dawkins, Richard.  THE GOD DELUSION.  New York.  Houghton, Mifflin Company.  2006.

DeBlassie, Paul.  TOXIC CHRISTIANITY.  New York.  Crossroads.  1992.

DeRosa, Peter.  VICARS OF CHRIST: THE DARK SIDE OF THE PAPACY.  Dublin.                 Poolbeg Press.  1988.

Dinter, Paul.  THE OTHER SIDE OF THE ALTAR.  New York. Farrar, Strauss and Giroux. 2003.

Dunn, Joseph.  NO LIONS IN THE HIERARCHY. Dublin.  Columba Press.  1994.

Eberley, Ron.  THE UNNATURAL LAW OF CELIBACY.  New York. Continuum. 2002.

Farley, Margaret.  A FRAMEWORK FOR CHRISTIAN SEXUAL ETHICS.  New York.           Continuum. 2008.

Faulkner, Mary.  SUPREME AUTHORITY: UNDERSTANDING POWER IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. Alpha Press.  2003.

Ferraro, Thomas J., Editor. CATHOLIC LIVES, CONTEMPORARY AMERICA. Durham.       Duke University Press.  1997.

Fichter, Joseph, S.J.   PRIEST AND PEOPLE. New York: Sheed and Ward. 1965.

Fichter, Joseph, S.J. AMERICA=S FORGOTTEN PRIESTS. New York: Harper and Row. 1968.

Fichter, Joseph, S.J.  THE ORGANIZATION MAN IN THE CHURCH.  Cambridge, MA. Schenkman.1974.

Fichter, Joseph, S.J.  THE REHABILITATION OF CLERGY ALCOHOLICS.  New York. Human Sciences Press. 1982.

Fries, Heinrich. SUFFERING FROM THE CHURCH.  Collegeville.  The Liturgical Press.           1995.

Gibson, David.  THE COMING CATHOLIC CHURCH.  San Francisco. Harper. 2003.

Good, Jack.  THE DISHONEST CHURCH.  Scotts Valley CA. Rising Star Press.  2003.

Gramick, Jeannine., editor.  HOMOSEXUALITY IN THE PRIESTHOOD AND THE RELIGIOUS  LIFE. New York: Crossroads, 1989.

Granfield, Patrick.  THE LIMITS OF THE PAPACY. New York.  Crossroads Books, 1987.

Greeley, Andrew.  PRIESTS.  Chicago. University of Chicago Press.  2004.

Harris, Jerry and Milam, melody.  SERPENTS IN THE MANGER: OVERCOMING ABUSIVE             CHRISTIANITY.  New York.  Barricade Books. 1997.

Himes, Michael. Editor.  THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN THE 21ST CENTURY.  Ligouri, MO.  Ligouri Press.  2004.

Hitchens, Christopher.  GOD IS NOT GREAT:  HOW RELIGION POISONS EVERYTHING.  New York.  Hachette Book Group.  2007.

INSTRUCTION ON CERTAIN QUESTIONS REGARDING THE COLLABORATION OF THE NON-ORDAINED FAITHFUL IN THE SACRED MINISTRY OF THE PRIEST.  August 13, 1997.  Vatican City.  Libreria Editrice Vaticana.

Jacobs, Jane.  SYSTEMS OF SURVIVAL.  New York.  Vintage Books.  1992.

Jaki, Stanley L.  THEOLOGY OF PRIESTLY CELIBACY. Front Royal VA. Christendom Press.  1997.

John Paul II.  THE THEOLOGY OF MARRIAGE AND CELIBACY: CATECHESIS ON MARRIAGE AND CELIBACY IN THE LIGHT OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE BODY.  New York.  Pauline Books and Media.  1986.

Kaiser, Robert Blair.  CLERICAL ERROR. New York.  Continuum.  2002.

Kennedy, Eugene.  TOMORROW’S CATHOLICS: YESTERDAY’S CHURCH. THE TWO CULTURES OF AMERICAN CATHOLICISM.  Ligouri Missouri.  Triumph Books.  1988.

Kennedy, Eugene and Heckler, Victor.  THE CATHOLIC PRIEST IN THE UNITED STATES: PSYCHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS.  Washington DC.  U.S. Catholic Conference.  1972.

Kennedy, Eugene.  THE UNHEALED WOUND: THE CHURCH AND HUMAN SEXUALITY. New York.  St. Martin=s Press.  2001.

Kung, Hans. THE CATHOLIC CHURCH: A SHORT HISTORY. New York. The Modern        Library. 2001.

Kurtz, Lester R.  THE POLITICS OF HERESY: THE MODERNIST CRISIS IN ROMAN CATHOLICISM.  Berkeley. University of California Press.  1986.

Laghi, Pio.  VOCATIONS TO THE PRIESTHOOD. Vatican City, 1998.

Lakeland, Paul.  THE LIBERATION OF THE LAITY.  New York.  Continuum.  2004.

Lambek, Michael.  A READER IN THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF RELIGION. Oxford.  Blackwell Publishing.  2002.

Levine, Stephen. GUIDED MEDITATIONS, EXPLORATIONS AND HEALINGS. New York. Anchor Books.  1991.

Lewis, Joseph.  SPAIN, A LAND BLIGHTED BY RELIGION.  New York.  Freethought Press Association.  1933.

Kirsch, Jonathan.  THE GRAND INQUISITOR’S MANUAL.  New York.  Harper Collins.        2008.

Lobdell, William.  LOSING MY RELIGION. New York.  Collins.  2009.

Lobinger, Fritz.  LIKE HIS BROTHERS AND SISTERS: ORDAINING COMMUNITY LEADERS. New York: Crossroads, 1998.

Louden, Stephen and Francis, Leslie.  THE NAKED PARISH PRIEST.  New York.  Continuum.  2003.

Marty, Martin and Appleby, Scott.  FUNDAMENTALISM OBSERVED.  Chicago.  University             of Chicago Press.  1991.

May, Gerald.  THE DARK NIGHT OF THE SOUL.  San Francisco.  Harper.  2005.

McAllister, Robert J.  LIVING THE VOWS: THE EMOTIONAL CONFLICTS OF CELIBATE RELIGIOUS.  San Francisco.  Harper and Row. 1986.

McHugh, John and Callan, Charles.  Translators.  CATECHISM OF THE COUNCIL OF            TRENT FOR PARISH PRIESTS.  New York.  Joseph A. Wagner, Inc., 1923.

McKenzie, John. AUTHORITY IN THE CHURCH. New York. Sheed and Ward. 1966.

Manning, Brendan.  THE RAGAMUFFIN GOSPEL.  Colorado Springs.  Multnomah Books. 1990.

Manning, Joanna.  TAKE BACK THE TRUTH: CONFRONTING PAPAL POWER AND THE RELIGIOUS RIGHT.  New York.  Crossroads Publishing.  2002.

Massi, Jeri.  SCHIZOPHRENIC CHRISTIANITY.  Jupiter Rising Books. 2008.

Masson, Jeffrey.  THE ASSAULT ON TRUTH.  New York.  Random House.  1984.

Miller, Robert J. Editor.  THE FUTURE OF THE CHRISTIAN TRADITION: THE JESUS SEMINAR.  Santa Rosa, CA.  Polebridge Press. 2007.

Morwood, Michael.  TOMORROW’S CATHOLIC: UNDERSTANDING GOD AND JESUS IN          A NEW MILLENNIUM. Mystick CT.  Twenty-Third Publications. 2000.

Morwood, Michael.  FROM SAND TO SOLID GROUND:  QUESTIONS OF FAITH FOR      MODERN CATHOLICS.  Crossroad Press.  2007.

Nelson, James. PSYCHOLOGY, RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY.  New York. Springer. 2009.

O=Conaill, Sean.  SCATTERING THE PROUD. Dublin. The Columbia Press. 1999.

Papesh, Michael.  CLERICAL CULTURE.  Collegeville, MN.  Liturgical Press. 2004.

Prusak, Bernard P.  THE CHURCH UNFINISHED: ECCLESIOLOGY THROUGH THE CENTURIES.  New York.  Paulist Press.  2004.

Poling, James Newton.  THE ABUSE OF POWER.  A THEOLOGICAL PROBLEM. Nashville.  Abingdon Press.  1991.Pontifical Council for the Family. TRUTH AND THE MEANING OF HUMAN SEXUALITY.  Vatican City. December 8, 1995.

Radcliffe, Timothy.  WHAT IS THE POINT OF BEING A CHRISTIAN. London.  Burns and Oates.  2005.

Ranan, David.  DOUBLE CROSS:  THE CODE OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. London.      Theo Press.  2007.

Raphael, Marty.  SPIRITUAL VAMPIRES.  Santa Fe.  The Message Company.  1996.

Ratzinger, Josef.  THE RATZINGER REPORT: AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW ON THE STATE OF THE CHURCH.  San Francisco.  Ignatius Press.  1985.

Rose, Michael.  GOODBYE GOOD MEN.  New York.  2002.

Rudy, Kathy. SEX AND THE CHURCH: GENDER, HOMOSEXUALITY AND THE             TRANSFORMATION OF CHRISTIAN ETHICS.  Boston. Beacon Press. 1997.

Russell, Bertrand.  WHY I AM NOT A CHRISTIAN.  New York.  Touchstone Books.  1957.

Schillebeeckx, Edward.  WORLD AND CHURCH. New York. Sheed and Ward. 1971.

Schoenherr, Richard A.  GOODBYE FATHER: THE CELIBATE MALE PRIESTHOOD AND

THE FUTURE OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. Oxford.  Oxford University Press. 2002.

Shaw, Russell.  NOTHING TO HIDE:  SECRECY, COMMUNICATION AND COMMUNION IN THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.  San Francisco.  Ignatius Press. 2008.

Sipe, A.W. Richard.  LIVING THE CELIBATE LIFE: A SEARCH FOR MODELS AND MINISTRY.  2004.

Sobo, Elisa and Bell, Sandra, editors.  CELIBACY, CULTURE AND SOCIETY. Madison.

University of   Wisconsin Press.  2001.

Spong, John Shelby.  LIVING IN SIN.  San Francisco.  Harper Collins.  1990.

Spong, John Shelby.  JESUS FOR THE NON RELIGIOUS.  San Francisco.  Harper Collins.       2007.

Spong, John Shelby.  HONEST PRAYER.  Morristown NJ.  Christianity for the Third Millennium.  2000.

Spong, John Shelby.  RESURRECTION: MYTH OR REALITY?  San Francisco.  Harper.  1994.

Spong, John Shelby.  ETERNAL LIFE:  A NEW VISION.  New York.  Harper.  2009.

Stanosz, Paul.  THE STRUGGLE FOR CELIBACY.  New York.  Herder and Herder.  2006.

Steinfels, Peter.  A PEOPLE ADRIFT.  New York.  Simon and Schuster. 2003.

Stourton, Edward.  ABSOLUTE TRUTH: THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN THE WORLD TODAY.  London.  Viking.  1998.

Sullivan, Francis, S.J.  FROM APOSTLES TO BISHOPS.  THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE

EPISCOPACY IN THE EARLY CHURCH.  New York: The Newman Press.  2001.

Swidler, Leonard.  MAKING THE CHURCH OUR OWN.  Lanham, Maryland.  Sheed and Ward.  2007.

Swidler, Leonard and Swidler, Arlene.  BISHOPS AND PEOPLE.  Philadelphia.  Westminster Press.  1970.

Tyrell, Peter.  FOUNDED ON FEAR.  Dublin.  Irish Academic Press.  2006.

Wade, Nicholas.  THE FAITH INSTINCT:  HOW RELIGION EVOLVED AND WHY IT ENDURES.  New York.  Penguin Press.  2009.

Wagner, Richard.  GAY CATHOLIC PRIESTS: A STUDY OF COGNITIVE AND

DISSONANCE. San Francisco CA.  Specific Press. 1981.

Weakland, Rembert.  A PILGRIM IN A PILGRIM CHURCH.  Grand Rapids, MI. William B. Eerdmans.  2009.

Weaver, Mary Jo and Appleby, R. Scott. Editors.  BEING RIGHT: CONSERVATIVE   CATHOLICS IN AMERICA. Bloomington IN. Indiana University Press. 1995.

Weigel, George.  THE COURAGE TO BE CATHOLIC.  New York. Basic Books. 2002.

Wills, Garry.  PAPAL SIN.  New York.  Doubleday. 2000.

Wilson, George.  CLERICALISM:  THE DEATH OF PRIESTHOOD. Collegeville.  Liturgical   Press. 2008.

Wolf, James.  GAY PRIESTS.  San Francisco.  Harper and Row.  1989.

Yallop, David.  THE POWER AND THE GLORY: INSIDE THE DARK HEART OF JOHN PAUL II=S VATICAN.  New York.  Carroll and Graf.  2007.

BOOKS:  SOCIOLOGY AND PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION

Bernstein, Albert J.  EMOTIONAL VAMPIRES: DEALING WITH PEOPLE WHO DRAIN YOU DRY.  New York. McGraw-Hill. 2001.

Bok, Sissela.  LYING: MORAL CHOICE IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LIFE.   New York.      Vintage. 1999.

Bok, Sissela. SECRETS: ON THE ETHICS OF CONCEALMENT AND REVELATION.  New            York. Vintage. 1989.

Bray, Alan.  HOMOSEXUALITY IN RENAISSANCE ENGLAND. New York. Columbia University Press. 1995.

Berger, Peter.  THE SACRED CANOPY: ELEMENTS OF A SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY OF             RELIGION. New York.  Doubleday. 1967.

Bishops Committee on Priestly Life and Ministry.  THE HEALTH OF AMERICAN CATHOLIC          PRIESTS: A REPORT AND A STUDY. Washington DC. United States Catholic Conference. 1985.

Bullough, Vern and Bullough, Bonnie.  SIN, SICKNESS AND SANITY:  A HISTORY OF SEXUAL ATTITUDES. New York.  Garland Publishing Company.  1977.

Bullough, Vern and Geraci, Joseph.  DARES TO SPEAK: HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES ON BOY-LOVE.  New York.  Gay Men=s Press.  1997.

Carey, Patrick.  PEOPLE, PRIESTS AND PRELATES.  ECCLESIASTICAL DEMOCRACY AND THE TENSIONS OF TRUSTEEISM. Notre Dame.  University of Notre Dame Press. 1987.

Carnes, Patrick.  SEXUAL ANOREXIA.  Center City MN.  Hazelden.  1997.

Carnes, Patrick.  THE BETRAYAL BOND.  Deerfield Beach FL.  Health Communications.  1997

Carnes, Patrick.  THE SEXUAL ADDICTION. Minneapolis.  CompCare Publications.  1984.

Delumeau, Jean.  SIN AND FEAR: THE EMERGENCE OF A WESTERN GUILT CULTURE, 13TH TO 18TH CENTURIES.  New York.  St. Martin’s Press.  1990.

Dennett, Daniel C.  BREAKING THE SPELL: RELIGION AS A NATURAL PHENOMENON.         New York.  Penquin Press.  2006.

Dillon, Michele. Editor.  HANDBOOK OF THE SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION. Cambridge.  Cambridge University Press.  2003.

Durkeim, Emile.  THE ELEMENTARY FORMS OF RELIGIOUS LIFE. Translated with an introduction by Karen E. Field.  New York.  The Free Press.  1995.

Farrell, Allen.  THE JESUIT CODE OF LIBERAL EDUCATION.  Milwaukee.  Bruce. 1938.

Fuller, Louise.  IRISH CATHOLICISM SINCE 1950: THE UNDOING OF A CULTURE.        Dublin.  Gill and McMillan. 2004.

Greenberg, David F.  THE CONSTRUCTION OF HOMOSEXUALITY. Chicago.  University of           Chicago Press.  1988.

Hall, Douglas T. and Schneider, Benjamin. ORGANIZATIONAL CLIMATES AND CAREERS: THE WORK LIVES OF PRIESTS. 1973.

Harris, Sam.  THE END OF FAITH: RELIGION, TERROR AND THE FUTURE OF REASON.  New York.  W.W. Norton. 2004.

Harvey, John.  THE HOMOSEXUAL PERSON.  San Francisco.  Ignatius Press.  1987.

Hoge, Dean.  EXPERIENCES OF PRIESTS ORDAINED FIVE TO NINE YEARS.      Washington, D.C.  National Catholic Educational Association.  2006.

Hoge, Dean.  INTERNATIONAL PRIESTS IN AMERICA.  Collegeville MN. Liturgical Press.             2006.

Hough, Joseph and Wheeler, Barbara, editors.  BEYOND CLERICALISM.  Atlanta. Scholars Press. 1988.

Hughes, Everett C., Cassidy, Salley Whelan, Donovan, John D. AN EVALUATION OF THE CATHOLIC PRIEST IN THE UNITED STATES: SOCIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Catholic Conference. 1972.

Inglis, Tom.  MORAL MONOPOLY: THE RISE AND FALL OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN MODERN IRELAND. Dublin.  University of Dublin Press, 1998.

Karlen, Arlo.  SEXUALITY AND HOMOSEXUALITY. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1971.

King, K.  IMAGES OF THE FEMININE IN GNOSTICISM. Philadelphia, 1988.

Scheper-Hughes, Nancy.  SAINTS, SCHOLARS AND SCHIZOPHRENICS: MENTAL ILLNESS IN RURAL IRELAND.  Berkeley. University of California Press.  1982.

Money, John.  LOVE MAPS. New York.  Irvington Publishers, Inc. 1986.

Moore, R.I.  THE FORMATION OF A PERSECUTING SOCIETY.  Oxford.  Basil Blackwell.  1987.

Sanchez, Jose.  ANTICLERICALISM: A BRIEF HISTORY.  Notre Dame.  University of Notre Dame Press.  1972.

Tentler, Leslie Woodcock. Editor.  THE CHURCH CONFRONTS MODERNITY:          CATHOLICISM SINCE 1950 IN THE UNITED STATES, IRELAND AND QUEBEC.     Washington DC.  Catholic University of America Press. 2007.

Weber, Max.  THE SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION. Originally published in 1922.  Translated by E. Fischhoff.  4th edition.  New York.  Beacon Press.  1993.

Weber, Max.  ECONOMY AND SOCIETY. Vol. 1.  Berkeley.  University of California Press.

1978.

Weeks, Jeffrey. SEXUALITY AND ITS DISCONTENTS. London. 1985.

Whyte, J.H.  CHURCH AND STATE IN MODERN IRELAND 1923-1979.  Dublin. Gill and    MacMillan. 1980.

BOOKS:  CANON LAW

Brady, Mel Lawrence.  THE QUINQUENNIAL REPORT OF RELIGIOUS INSTITUTES TO

THE HOLY SEE.  Washington D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1963.  Canon Law Studies, No. 422.

Carroll, James.  THE BISHOP=S QUINQUENNIAL REPORT. Washington, D.C.  Catholic       University of America Press.  1956.  Canon Law Studies, No. 359.

Committee on the Liturgy.  THE 2000 REVISION OF THE INSTITUTIO GENERALIS

MISSALIS ROMANI.  Washington DC.  U.S. Catholic Conference.  August 10, 2000.

Congregation for Catholic Education.  A GUIDE TO FORMATION IN PRIESTLY        CELIBACY. Vatican City.  Typis Polyglottis.  1974.

Dee, Dacian.  MANIFESTATION OF CONSCIENCE.  Washington D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1960.  Canon Law Studies, No. 410.

DIRECTORY ON THE PASTORAL MINISTRY OF BISHOPS. Vatican City.  Congregation for the Bishops.  1974.

Donovan, John Thomas.  THE CLERICAL OBLIGATIONS OF CANONS 138 AND 140. Washington, D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1948.

Donovan, Thomas.  THE STATUS OF THE CHURCH IN AMERICAN CIVIL LAW AND CANON LAW.  Washington D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1966.

Downs, John Emmanuel.  THE CONCEPT OF CLERICAL IMMUNITY. Washington, D.C.      Catholic University Press.  1941.

Eltz, Louis.  COOPERATION IN CRIME: AN HISTORICAL CONSPECTUS AND COMMENTARY.  Washington DC. Catholic University of America Pres.  1942.

Findlay, Stephen.  CANONICAL NORMS GOVERNING THE DEPOSITION AND

DEGRADATION OF CLERICS.  Washington, D.C.  Catholic University of America Press.  1941.

Louis, William Francis.  DIOCESAN ARCHIVES.  Washington D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1941.  Canon Law Studies, No. 137.

McCoy, Alan.  FORCE AND FEAR IN RELATION TO DELICTUAL IMPUTABILITY AND PENAL RESPONSIBILITY.  Canon Law Studies, No. 200. Washington DC.  Catholic University of America.  1944.

McGrath, James.  THE PRIVILEGE OF THE CANON.  Washington, D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1946.

Ortega-Uhink, Juan, DE DELICTO SOLLICITATIONIS. Washington DC. Catholic University of America Press. 1954.

Sheehan, Joseph.  THE OBLIGATION OF RESPECT AND OBEDIENCE OF CLERICS TOWARD THEIR ORDINARY.  Washington, D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1954.

Sweeney, F.  THE REDUCTION OF CLERICS TO THE LAY STATE.  Washington D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1945.

BOOKS:  CIVIL LAW

Hamilton, Marci.  GOD VS. THE GAVEL: RELIGION AND THE RULE OF LAW. New York.  Cambridge University Press.  2005.

Hamilton, Marci.  JUSTICE DENIED:  WHAT AMERICA MUST DO TO PROTECT ITS CHILDREN.  New York. Cambridge University Press. 2008.

Lytton, Timothy.  HOLDING BISHOPS ACCOUNTABLE:  HOW LAWSUITS HELPED THE CATHOLIC CHURCH CONFRONT CLERGY SEXUAL ABUSE.  Cambridge University Press. 2008.

McMenamin, Robert.  CLERGY MALPRACTICE.  Seattle.  1988.

Sutherland, Pamela K.  ABUSE OF TRUST: SEXUAL MISCONDUCT BY FIDUCIARIES. A GUIDE TO LITIGATING ABUSE BY PROFESSIONALS. Charlottesville. VA. Michie.  1995.

BOOKS:  HISTORY

Anderson, C. Colt. THE GREAT CATHOLIC REFORMERS.  Mahwah, NJ:  Paulist Press. 2007.

Bailey, Derrick S. HOMOSEXUALITY AND THE WESTERN CHRISTIAN TRADITION. London. Longmans, Green and Company. 1955.

Baldwin, Marshall.  THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH. Ithaca.  Cornell University Press. 1968.

Barstow, Anne Llewellyn.  MARRIED PRIESTS AND THE REFORMING PAPACY.  New    York. Edwin Mellen, 1982.

Beert, C. Editor.  SAME-SEX DESIRE AND LOVE IN GRAECO-ROMAN ANTIQUITY AND IN THE CLASSICAL TRADITION OF THE WEST.  New York.  Haworth Press.  2005.

Bernard of Clairvaux.  FIVE BOOKS ON CONSIDERATION:  ADVICE TO A POPE.            Translated by John Anderson and Elizabeth Kennan.  Kalamazoo, MI.  Cistercian         Publications. 1976.

Bloch, R. Howard. MEDIEVAL MISOGYNY AND THE INVENTION OF WESTERN ROMANTIC LOVE. Chicago.  The University of Chicago Press. 1991.

Boisvert, Donald and Gross, Robert. Editors.  GAY CATHOLIC PRIESTS AND CLERICAL SEXUAL MISCONDUCT: BREAKING THE SILENCE.  New York.  Harrington Park Press.  2005.

Boswell, John.  CHRISTIANITY, SOCIAL TOLERANCE AND HOMOSEXUALITY: GAY PEOPLE IN WESTERN EUROPE FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE CHRISTIAN ERA TO THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY.  Chicago.  University of Chicago Press. 1980.

Boswell, John.  SAME SEX UNIONS IN PREMODERN EUROPE.  New York.  Villiard Books.  1994.

Bray, Alan.  HOMOSEXUALITY IN RENAISSANCE ENGLAND.  New York.  Columbia University Press. 1995.

Brooke, Rosalind and Christopher.  POPULAR RELIGION IN THE MIDDLE AGES: WESTERN EUROPE, 1000-1300. London. Thames and Hudson. 1984.

Brown, Peter.  AUTHORITY AND THE SACRED: ASPECTS OF THE CHRISTIANIZATION OF THE ROMAN WORLD. Cambridge. The University Press.  1995.

Brown, Peter.  THE BODY AND SOCIETY: MEN, WOMEN AND SEXUAL RENUNCIATION IN EARLY CHRISTIANITY.  New York. Columbia University Press. 1988.

Brown, Peter.  RELIGION AND SOCIETY IN THE AGE OF SAINT AUGUSTINE.  New York. Harper and Row. 1971.

Brown, Peter.  SOCIETY AND THE HOLY IN LATE ANTIQUITY. Berkeley.  University of   California Press.  1982.

Brundage, James.  SEX, LAW AND MARRIAGE IN THE MIDDLE AGES. Aldershot, Hampshire, GB. Variorum.  1993.

Brundage, James.  LAW, SEX AND CHRISTIAN SOCIETY IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE. Chicago.  University of Chicago Press. 1987.

Bullough, Vern.  SEXUAL VARIANCE IN SOCIETY AND HISTORY.  Chicago.  University of Chicago Press.  1976.

Bullough, Vern and Brundage, James.  Editors.  HANDBOOK OF MEDIEVAL SEXUALITY.             New York. Garland Press.  1996.

Bullough, Vern. SEXUAL PRACTICES IN THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH.  Buffalo, NY.  Prometheus Books. 1982.

Bullough, V and Bullough, B.  SIN, SICKNESS AND SANITY: A HISTORY OF SEXUAL ATTITUDES.  New York.  New American Library.  1977.

Cantor, Norma.  IN THE WAKE OF THE PLAGUE: THE BLACK DEATH AND THE WORLD IT MADE.  New York.  Free Press. 2001.

Carcopino, Jerome.  DAILY LIFE IN ANCIENT ROME.  London. Penguin Books.  1941.

Carey, Patrick.  PEOPLE, PRIESTS AND PRELATES:  ECCLESIASTICAL TRUSTEEISM. Notre Dame, IN.  University of Notre Dame Press.  1987.

Chodorow, Stanley.  CHRISTIAN POLITICAL THEORY AND CHURCH POLITICS IN THE MID-TWEFTH CENTURY: THE ECCLESIOLOGY OF GRATIAN=S DECRETUM. Berkeley.  University of California Press.  1972.

Chodorow, Stanley, editor.  THE OTHER SIDE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION (2ND EDITION), Vol.1, THE ANCIENT WORLD OF THE REFORMATION.  New York. Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1979.

Cholij, Roman.  CLERICAL CELIBACY IN EAST AND WEST. Leominster. Fowler Wright Books. 1988.

Cochini, Charles. ORIGINES APOSTOLIQUE DU CELIBAT SACERDOTAL. Paris. 1981.

Collett-Sanders, Thomas.  THE INSTITUTES OF JUSTINIAN. London. Longmans Green. 1922.

Cooke, Bernard.  THE PAPACY AND THE CHURCH IN THE U.S. New York.  Paulist Press.  1989.

Cullman.  Oscar.  THE EARLY CHURCH. Abridged edition. Philadelphia.  Westminster.  1966.

D=Agostino, Peter.  ROME IN AMERICA: TRANSNATIONAL CATHOLIC IDEOLOGY FROM THE RISORGIMENTO TO FASCISM.  Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press.  2004.

Damien, St. Peter.  THE BOOK OF GOMORRAH: AN ELEVENTH CENTURY TREATISE AGAINST CLERICAL HOMOSEXUAL PRACTICES.  Translated with notes by Pierre Payer.  Waterloo, Ont. Wilfred Laurier University Press.  1982.

Delumeau, Jean.  SIN AND FEAR. New York.  St. Martin=s. 1990.

Deming, Will. PAUL ON MARRIAGE AND CELIBACY: THE HELLENISTIC BACKGROUND OF 1 CORINTHIANS 7.  Grand Rapids.  William B. Eerdmans.  2004.

DIDACHE. In Lightfoot,  J.B. and Harmer, J.R., editors. THE APOSTOLIC FATHERS. Grand Rapids. Baker House. 1984.

DIDACHE. Milavec, Aaron.  Editor and translator.  Collegeville.  Liturgical Press. 2003.

Dinshaw, Carolyn.  GETTING MEDIEVAL: SEXUALITIES AND COMMUNITIES, PRE       AND POSTMODERN.  Durham.  Duke University Press.  1999.

Doyle, Thomas, Sipe, A.W. Richard.  Wall, Patrick.  SEX, PRIESTS AND SECRET CODES: A COMMENTARY ON CLERGY SEXUAL ABUSE LEGISLATION.  Los Angeles.  Bonus Books.  2006.

Duby, Georges.  Bray, Barbara, translator. THE KNIGHT, THE LADY AND THE PRIEST.       New York. Pantheon Books. 1983.

Dykema, Peter and Oberman, Heiko.  ANTICLERICALISM IN LATE MEDIEVAL AND        EARLY MODERN EUROPE.  Koln.  E.J. Brill.  1995.

Fogarty, Gerald.  THE VATICAN AND THE AMERICAN HIERARCHY.  Stuttgart.   Hiersemann. 1982.

Fogarty, Gerald.  THE PAPACY AND THE AMERICAN CHURCH.

Fox, Robin Lane.  PAGANS AND CHRISTIANS. New York. Alfred A. Knopf. 1987.

Frassetto, Michael, editor.  MEDIAEVAL PURITY AND PIETY: ESSAYS ON MEDIEVAL CLERICAL CELIBACY AND RELIGIOUS REFORM. New York: Garland Publishing. 1998.

Frassetto, Michael.  ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BARBARIAN EUROPE: SOCIETY IN TRANSFORMATION.  Santa Barbara.  ABC-CLIO.  2003.

Frassetto, Michael.  THE YEAR 1000: RELIGIOUS AND SOCIAL RESPONSE TO THE TURNING OF THE FIRST MILLENNIUM.  Houndmills, England.  Palgrave MacMillan.  2002.

Freeman, Charles.  THE CLOSING OF THE WESTERN MIND: THE RISE OF FAITH AND THE FALL OF REASON.  London.  Pimlico. 2002.

Gasparri, Pietro, editor.  CODICEM IURIS CANONICI FONTES. 9 Volumes. Vatican City. Typis Polyglottis, 1926-39.

Goodich, Michael.  THE UNMENTIONABLE VICE.  Santa Barbara.  Ross-Erikson Publishers.             1979.

Gryson, Roger.  LES ORIGINES DU CELIBAT ECCLESIASTIQUE DU PREMIER AU SEPTIEME SIECLE.  Gembloux, Editions Duculot. 1968.

Guest, Tanis.  THE PAGAN MIDDLE AGES. Rochester NY. Boydell Press. 1998.

Haliczer, Stephen.  SEXUALITY IN THE CONFESSIONAL. New York. Oxford University Press. 1996.

Halperin, William.  ITALY AND THE VATICAN AT WAR. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. 1939.

Halperin, William.  THE SEPARATION OF CHURCH AN STATE IN ITALIAN THOUGHT FROM CAVOUR TO MUSSOLINI. New York.  Octagon Books, 1970 (first published in 1937.)

Hamilton, Bernard.  RELIGION IN THE MEDIEVAL WEST. London. Edward Arnold. 1986.

Heid, Stefan. Miller, Michael, translator.  CELIBACY IN THE EARLY CHURCH.

San Francisco. Ignatius Press.  2000.  Original published in German in Paderborn, 1997.

Helmholz, Richard.  THE SPIRIT OF CLASSICAL CANON LAW.  Athens, Georgia. University of Georgia Press.  1996.

Ingram, Martin. CHURCH COURTS, SEX AND MARRIAGE IN ENGLAND, 1570-1640. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. 1987.

Jordan, Mark.  THE INVENTION OF SODOMY IN CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY.  Chicago.  The University of Chicago Press.  1997.

Keisel, Elizabeth. COURTLY DESIRE AND MEDIEVAL HOMOPHOBIA. New Haven. Yale            University Press, 1997.

Laeuchli, Samuel.   POWER AND SEXUALITY: THE EMERGENCE OF CANON LAW AT THE SYNOD OF ELVIRA. Philadelphia. Temple University Press. 1972.

Laeuchli, Samuel.  THE SERPENT AND THE DOVE:  FIVE ESSAYS ON EARLY CHRISTIANITY.  Nashville.  Abingdon Press.  1966.

Lannon, Francis.  PRIVILEGE, PERSECUTION AND PROPHESY:  THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN SPAIN, 1875-1975.  Oxford.  Clarendon Press.  1987.

Laven, Mary.  VIRGINS OF VENICE: BROKEN VOWS AND CLOISTERED LIVES IN THE RENAISSANCE CONVENT. New York. Penguin Books. 2002.

Lawrence, C.H.  THE FRIARS:  THE IMPACT OF THE EARLY MENDICANT MOVEMENT ON WESTERN SOCIETY.  London.  Longman House.  1994.

Lea, Henry Charles.  A HISTORY OF SACERDOTAL CELIBACY IN THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. London. 1884.

Lea, Henry Charles.  A HISTORY OF THE INQUISITION IN SPAIN. New York.  Macmillan and Company, 1906-07.

Leclercq, Jean. MONKS AND LOVE IN TWELFTH CENTURY FRANCE: PSYCHO-HISTORICAL ESSAYS.  Oxford. Clarendon Press. 1979.

Lewy, Gunther.  THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN NAZI GERMANY. New York. 1964

Liebreich, Karen.  FALLEN ORDER. London.  Atlantic books.  2004.

Lochrie, Karma, McCracken, Peggy, Schultz, James.  Editors.  CONSTRUCTING MEDIEVAL             SEXUALITY. Minneapolis.  University of Minnesota Press.  1997.

Longworth, T. Clifton.  THE DEVIL A MONK WOULD BE: A SURVEY OF SEX AND CELIBACY IN RELIGION…  London. 1936.

McGinn, Thomas A.J.  PROSTITUTION, SEXUALITY AND THE LAW IN ANCIENT ROME.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

MacNeil John and Gamer Helena.  MEDIEVAL HANDBOOKS OF PENANCE.  New York, Columbia University Press.  1938.

Mitchell, Timothy.  BETRAYAL OF THE INNOCENTS: DESIRE, POWER AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN SPAIN.  Philadelphia. U. of Pennsylvania Press.  1998.

Mommsen, Theodor and Kreuger, Paul, editors.  Watson, Alan, Translator.  THE DIGEST OF JUSTINIAN. 4 Volumes.  Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Press. 1985.

Moore, R.I.  THE ORIGINS OF EUROPEAN DISSENT.  Toronto.  University of Toronto Press.           1994.

Murray, Jacqueline and Eisenbicher, Konrad. DESIRE AND DISCIPLINE: SEX

AND SEXUALITY IN THE PREMODERN WEST. Toronto. University of Toronto Press. 1996.

Murstein, Bernard L. LOVE, SEX AND MARRIAGE THROUGH THE AGES. New York. Springer Publishing. 1974.

Noble, David.  A WORLD WITHOUT WOMEN: THE CHRISTIAN CLERICAL CULTURE OF WESTERN SCIENCE.  Oxford. Oxford University Press. 1992.

Pagels, Elaine.  ADAM, EVE AND THE SERPENT. New York. Vintage Books. 1988.

Pagels, Elaine.  THE GNOSTIC GOSPELS. New York.  Vintage Books.  1989.

Pagels, Elaine.  THE ORIGIN OF SATAN.  New York.  Vintage Books. 1995.

Payer, Pierre.  SEX AND THE PENITENTIALS.  Toronto. University of Toronto Press.  1984

Payer, Pierre.  THE BRIDLING OF DESIRE.  University of Toronto Press.  1993.

Peters, Edward.  INQUISITION.  New York.  The Free Press. 1988.

Pharr, Clyde.  Translator. THE THEODOSIAN CODE AND NOVELS. New York. Greenwood Press. 1952.

Powell, James. ed. INNOCENT III: VICAR OF CHRIST OR LORD OF THE WORLD? Boston. Heath and Company. 1963.

Puff, Helmut.  SODOMY IN REFORMATION GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND 1400-1600. Chicago.  University of Chicago Press.  2003.

Quinn, P.A. BETTER THAN THE SONS OF KINGS. New York. Peter Lang Publishing. 1989.

Richards, Jeffrey.  SEX, DISSIDENCE AND DAMNATION: MINORITY GROUPS IN THE MIDDLE AGES.  London and New York.  Routledge Press.  1991.

Rocke, Michael. MALE HOMOSEXUALITY AND ITS REGULATION IN MEDIEVAL         FLORENCE 2 vols. Binghampton NY, SUNY, 1990.

Rousselle, Aline.  PORNEIA: ON DESIRE AND THE BODY IN ANTIQUITY.  Translation by Felicia Pheasant. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988.

Roy, Bruno, editor.  L’EROTISME AU MOYEN AGE.  Montreal.  L’Editions de l’Aurore. 1977.

Ruggiero, Guido.  THE BOUNDARIES OF EROS: CRIME AND SEXUALITY IN RENAISSANCE VENICE. New York. Oxford University Press. 1985.

Ryan, J.J.  SAINT PETER DAMIANI AND HIS CANONICAL SOURCES. A PRELIMINARY STUDY IN THE ANTECEDENTS OF THE GREGORIAN REFORM.  Toronto.  University of Toronto Press. 1956.

Salisbury, Joyce E.  MEDIEVAL SEXUALITY: A RESEARCH GUIDE. New York. Garland. 1990.

Shaw, Russell.  TO HUNT, TO SHOOT, TO ENTERTAIN.  San Francisco. Ignatius Press, 1993.

Spicer, Kevin.  HITLER’S PRIESTS. DeKalb, IL.  Northern Illinois University Press. 2008.

Stark, Rodney.  THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY: A SOCIOLOGIST RECONSIDERS HISTORY.  Princeton, NJ.  Princeton University Press.  1996.

Stickler, Alphonse Cardinal.  THE CASE FOR CLERICAL CELIBACY: ITS HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND THEOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS.  Brian Ferme, Translator.  San Francisco.  Ignatius Press.  1995.

Sweeney, James Ross and Chodorow, Stanley.  POPES, TEACHERS AND CANON LAW IN THE MIDDLE AGES. Ithaca. Cornell University Press. 1989.

Thompson, Augustine.  Translator.  GRATIAN: THE TREATISE ON LAWS WITH THE ORDINARY GLOSS.  Washington, D.C.  Catholic University Press. 1993.

Trexler, Richard. C.  SYNODAL LAW IN FLORENCE AND FIESOLE, 1306-1517.  Citta del Vaticano.  Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.  1971.

Ullmann, Walter.  THE GROWTH OF PAPAL GOVERNMENT IN THE MIDDLE AGES: A STUDY IN THE IDEOLOGICAL RELATION OF CLERICAL TO LAY POWER. 2nd ed. London. Metheun, 1962.

Ullmann, Walter.  THE CHURCH AND THE LAW IN THE EARLIER MIDDLE AGES. London. Variorum Reprints. 1975.

Vacandard, Elphege. Conway, Bertrand, translator.  THE INQUISITION: CRITICAL AND HISTORICAL STUDY OF THE COERCIVE POWER OF THE CHURCH. Translated 2nd Edition by Bertrand Conway.  New York.  Longmans Green. 1915.

Weisner-Hanks, Merry.  CHRISTIANITY AND SEXUALITY IN THE EARLY MODERN WORLD. London, Routledge. 2000.

Westbury-Jones, J.  ROMAN AND CHRISTIAN IMPERIALISM. Port  Washington N.Y. Kennikat Press. First published in 1939, reissued in 1971.

Westermarck, Edward. CHRISTIANITY AND MORALS. London. Trench, Trubner. 1939.

Williams, Schafer.  THE GREGORIAN EPOCH. Boston.  D.C. Heath and Company.  1964.

BOOKS:  PSYCHOLOGY, SEXUAL ABUSE AND TRAUMA

Allen, Jon.  COPING WITH TRAUMA.  Washington DC.  American Psychiatric Publishing.  2005.

Bass, Ellen and Davis, Laura. COURAGE TO HEAL: A GUIDE FOR WOMEN SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL ABUSE . New York. Harper and Row, 1988.

Blume, Sue.  SECRET SURVIVORS: UNCOVERING INCEST AND ITS AFTER EFFECTS ON WOMEN.  Ballentine Books.  1991.

Cameron, Grant.  WHAT ABOUT ME: A GUIDE FOR MEN HELPING FEMALE PARTNERS          DEAL WITH CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE.  Creative Bound. 1994.

Cameron, Marcia and Steinman, Ira, M.D. THE BROKEN CHILD. Kensington Publishing Co. 1996.

Courtois, Christine. HEALING THE INCEST WOUND.  New York.  W.W. Norton &                Company, 1988.

Davis, Joseph.  ACCOUNTS OF INNOCENCE: SEXUAL ABUSE, TRAUMA AND THE SELF.  Chicago.  University of Chicago Press.  2005.

Davis, Laura. ALLIES IN HEALING. Perennial Books.  1991.

Dayton, Tian.  TRAUMA AND ADDICTION.  Deerfield Beach FL.  Health Communications.  2000.

Engel, Beverly. THE RIGHT TO INNOCENCE: HEALING THE TRAUMA OF CHILDHOOD

SEXUAL ABUSE.  Ivy Books. 1991

Evert, Kathy.  WHEN YOU’RE READY: A WOMAN’S HEALING FROM CHILDHOOD

PHYSICAL AND SEXUAL ABUSE BY HER MOTHER. Launch Press.  1987.

Farmer, Steven.  ADULT CHILDREN OF ABUSIVE PARENTS.  A HEALING PROGRAM FOR THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN SEXUALLY OR EMOTIONALLY ABUSED.  Ballentine Books.  1990.

Forward, Susan.  TOXIC PARENTS: OVERCOMING THEIR HURTFUL LEGACY AND      RECLAIMING YOUR LIFE. Bantam Publishing.  2002.

Freyd, Jennifer.  BETRAYAL TRAUMA:  THE LOGIC OF FORGETTING CHILDHOOD      ABUSE.  Cambridge.  Harvard University Press.  1996.

Gil, Eliana, Ph.D.  OUTGROWING PAIN TOGETHER. DTP.  1992.

Graber, Ken, M.A. GHOSTS IN THE BEDROOM: A GUIDE FOR PARTNERS OF INCEST SURVIVORS.  Health Communications. 1991.

Greven,  Philip.  SPARE THE CHILD:  THE RELIGIOUS ROOTS OF PUNISHMENT AND THE PSYCHOLOGICAL IMACT OF CHILD ABUSE.  New York.  Vintage  Books.  1992.

Grubman-Black, Stephen.  BROKEN BOYS / MENDING MEN: RECOVERY FROM CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE. New York. Ivy Books.  1990.

Haines, Stacy.  THE SURVIVOR’S GUIDE TO SEX: HOW TO HAVE AN EMPOWERED SEX LIFE AFTER CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE.  Cleis Press.  1999.

Herman, Judith.  TRAUMA AND RECOVERY. New York.  Harper Collins.  1992.

Hunter, Mic.  ABUSED BOYS: THE NEGLECTED VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ABUSE. Fawcett Books.  1991.

Juliann, Mitchell, Ph.D.  Morse, Jill.  VICTIM TO SURVIVOR: WOMEN SURVIVORS OF FEMALE PERPETRATORS.  Taylor and Francis.  1997.

Levine, Peter. WAKING THE TIGER. North Atlantic Books.  1997.

Lew, Mike.  VICTIMS NO LONGER: MEN RECOVERING FROM INCEST AND OTHER SEXUAL CHILD ABUSE.  Harper Collins. 1988, 1990.

Maltz, Wendy.  THE SEXUAL HEALING JOURNEY: A GUIDE FOR SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL ABUSE.  Quill.  2001.

McLaren, Karla.  REBUILDING THE GARDEN. Laughing Tree Press. 1997.

O’Hanlon, Bill and Bertolino, Bob.  EVEN FROM A BROKEN WEB.  John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1998.

Rosencrans, Bobbie and Bauier, Edith.  THE LAST SECRET: DAUGHTERS SEXUALLY ABUSED BY MOTHERS.  Safer Society Press.  1997.

Schupp, Linda.  ASSESSING AND TREATING TRAUMA AND PTSD. Eau Claire WI. PESI. 2004.

Smith, Krystyna.  A MUSIC STRANGE AND MANIFOLD. Pretoria, South Africa.  D&V Print Group.  2007.

Whetlow, Stacy.  SILENT ROBBER OF THE NIGHT:  A JOURNEY OF FORGIVENESS FROM SEXUAL ABUSE.  Stacy Whetlow.  2007.

Willows, Jonathan.  MOVING ON AFTER CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE. New York.  Routledge. 2008

ARTICLES

ARTICLES: SEXUAL ABUSE BY CLERGY

Altobelli, Dr. Tom..  AInstitutional Processes for Dealing with Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse.@ Paper Presented at Australian Institute of Criminology, Adelaide, NSW, May 1-2, 2003.

Ames, M. Ashley and Houston, David. ALegal, Social and Biological Definitions of Pedophilia. ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. 19(1990). 333-342.

Benson, Gordon.  ASexual Behavior by Male Clergy with Adult Female Counselees: Systemic and Situational Themes,@ SEXUAL ADDICTION AND COMPULSIVITY: THE JOURNAL OF TREATMENT AND PREVENTION. 1(1994): 103-118.

Baars, Conrad, M.D. AThe Role of the Church in the Causation, Treatment and Prevention of the Crisis in the Priesthood.@  Private.  1971

Bell, Gregory.  AThe Sexual Abuse of Children: A Violation of Trust.@  October, 1992.  Unpublished paper presented in Milwaukee WI at the 1992 SCA Convention.

Benson, Gordon L.  ASexual Behavior by Male Clergy with Adult Female Counselees: Systemic and Situational Themes.  SEXUAL ADDICTION AND COMPULSIVITY. 1(1994): 103-118.

Berlin, Fred and Krout, Edgar.  “Pedophilia: Diagnostic Concepts, Treatment, and Ethical Consideration.”  AMERICAN JOURNAL OF FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY.

Blanchard, Gerald T.  ASexually Abusive Clergymen: A Conceptual Framework for Intervention and Recovery.@  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY. 39(1991): 237-245.

Bridgers, Lynn.  AIs Anybody Listening?  Trauma, Abuse and Healing in the Roman Catholic Community.@  JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE.  7(2005): 35-59.

Capps, Donald.  AReligion and Child Abuse: Perfect Together.@ JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENTIFIC    STUDY OF RELIGION. 31.1(1992), 1-14.

Chibnall, John T., Wolf, Ann & Duckro, Paul N. AA national survey of the sexual trauma experiences of Catholic nuns.@  REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS RESEARCH, 40(1998):142-167.

Chopko, Mark and Stinski, Brent. ARestoring trust and faith: human rights abuses do happen.@ HUMAN RIGHTS 19(1992): 22-26.

Clark, Donald.  ASexual Abuse in Church: The Law Steps In.@  CHRISTIAN CENTURY. 110/12(14 April 1993), 396-98.

Connors, Canice.  APriests and Pedophilia: A Silence that Needs Breaking.@ AMERICA.  9 May 1992:400-1.

Cooper-White, Pamela. ASoul-Stealing.  Power Relations in Pastoral Sexual Abuse.@ THE CHRISTIAN             CENTURY.  Feb. 20, 1991.

Davies, Collins C.  ASexual abuse by priests: A contemporary problem in the Church.@ AFRICA ECCLESIAL REVIEW (AFER), 45(2003):157-165.

Doyle, Thomas. “The Clergy in Court:  Clergy Malpractice.”  THE PRIEST, January and February, 1987.

Doyle, Thomas. “The Clergy in Court:  recent Developments.”  THE PRIEST, July and August, 1990.

Doyle, Thomas. AHealing the Pain.”   THE BLUE BOOK.  ANNUAL PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL CATHOLIC COUNCIL ON ALCOHOL AND DRUG RELATED PROBLEMS, 1994.

Doyle, Thomas. ARoman Catholic Clericalism, Religious Duress and Clergy Sexual Abuse.@         PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY. 51(2003).

Doyle, Thomas. AAbrogation of Trust in the Catholic Church,@ ASSOCIATION OF HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY JOURNAL.  Dec. 2002/January 2003.

Doyle, Thomas.  AClericalism: Enabler of Clergy Abuse.@  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY.  54(2006). 189-213.

Doyle, Thomas and Benkert, Marianne.  “Clericalism, Religious Duress and Its Psychological Impact on Victims of Clergy Abuse.”  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY.  58(2009): 223-238.

Doyle, Thomas.  “The Spiritual Trauma Experienced by Victims of Catholic Clergy Abuse.”  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY.  58(2009): 239-260.

Dreese, John J.  AThe Other Victims of Priest Pedophilia.@  COMMONWEAL. 22 April 1994: 11.13.

Duckro, Paul N. & Falkenhain, Marc. ANarcissism sets stage for clergy sexual abuse.@  HUMAN             DEVELOPMENT. 21(2000):24-28.

Evinger, J.S. & Yoder, D.L.  “Sexual Abuse, forgiveness and justice: a journey in faith.”  JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE. 4(2002): 71-88.

Farrell, Derek.  AAn Historical Viewpoint of Sexual Abuse Perpetrated by Clergy and Religious.@ JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE. 6(2004): 41-80.

Fortune, Marie.  ASpare us the false shepherds@ SIECUS REPORT 28(2000): 14-18.

Francis, P.C. & Turner, N.R.  ASexual misconduct within the Christian Church: Who are the perpetrators and those they victimize?@ COUNSELING AND VALUES.  39(1995): 218-227.

Francis, Perry C. & Stacks, James. AThe association between spiritual well-being and clergy sexual misconduct.@ JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE: ADVOCACY, PASTORAL CARE AND PREVENTION. 5(2003):79-100.

Gaboury, Dennis. AChild Sexual Abuse in the Roman Catholic Church. The Victims’ Perspective.@ Unpublished paper.  Baltimore, 1993.

Garland, Diana.  “When wolves wear shepherd’s clothing:  helping women survive clergy sexual abuse.”  JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE. 8(2006): 37-70.

Gill, James J. (1995). APriests, power, and sexual abuse.@  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. 16(1995): 5-9.

Griffin-Shelley, Eric. A The clergy and compulsive sexual behaviors. A THE PRIEST. 45(1989):40-45.

Haywood, Thomas, Kravitz, Howard, Wasyliw, Orest. ACycle of abuse and psychopathology in cleric and noncleric molesters of children and adolescents.@ CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT. 20(1996): 1233-1244.

Haywood, Thomas, Kravitz, Howard, Wasyliw, Orest. APsychological aspects of sexual functioning among cleric and noncleric alleged sex offenders.@  CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT. 20(1996): 727-537.

Hill, Alexander D.  AA current church-state battleground: requiring clergy to report child abuse.@             JOURNAL OF CHURCH AND STATE.  32(1990): 795-811.

Hudson. Patricia E. ASpirituality as a component in a treatment program for sexually addicted Roman Catholic clergy.@  COUNSELING AND VALUES. 41(1997):174-182.

Irons, Richard, M.D. and Laaser, Mark, Ph.D. AThe Abduction of Fidelity: Sexual Exploitation by Clergy-Experience with Inpatient Assessment.@ SEXUAL ADDICTION AND COMPULSIVITY. 1(1994): 119-129.

Isley, P.J. AChild sexual abuse and the Catholic Church: an historical and contemporary review.@              PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY.  45(1997): 277-99.

Isley, Paul J., and Isley, Peter. AThe Sexual Abuse of male Children by Church Personnel: Intervention and Prevention.@  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY. 39(1990): 85-99.

Kaiser, Hilary. AClergy Sex Abuse in U.S. Mainline Churches.@ AMERICAN STUDIES             INTERNATIONAL. 34(1996): 30-43.

Kennedy, Margaret.  AChristianity and Child Abuse – the Survivors= Voice Leading to Change.@  CHILD ABUSE REVIEW.  9(2000): 124-141.

Kennedy. Margaret. AWhite collar crimes: Vulnerable women. predatory clergymen.@  JOURNAL OF ADULT PROTECTION. 4(2002):23-33.

Keshgegian. Flora A. A Power to wound. Power to mend: Toward a non-abusing theology.@ JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE: ADVOCACY. PASTORAL CARE AND PREVENTION. 1(1999):37-65.

Lasser, M.  ASexual addiction and clergy.@  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY. 39(1991): 213-235.

LeGoff, Jacques.  AL=amour et la sexualite.@ L=HISTOIRE 63(1984): 52-59.

Liberty. Patricia.  AIt=s difficult to explain@ — The compromise of moral agency for victims of abuse by religious leaders.@ JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE. 3(2001):81-90.

Loftus, John Allen.  AA Question of Disillusionment: Sexual Abuse Among the Clergy.@  AMERICA.  December 1, 1990.

Loftus, J., and Carmago, R., ATreating the Clergy,@ ANNALS OF SEX RESEARCH.  6(1993): 287-303.

Maher, Michael, Sever, Linda, Pichler, Shaun.  “The Priest Sex Scandal and its Effects on Trust and Respect:  How Catholic College Students Think.”  JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE.  8(2006): 35-62.

McLaughlin, Barbara.  ADevastated spirituality: the impact of clergy sexual abuse on the survivor=s relationship with God and the church,@ SEXUAL ADDICTION AND COMPULSIVITY: THE JOURNAL OF TREATMENT AND PREVENTION. 1(1994): 145-158.

Mirkin, Harris.  AThe Pattern of Sexual Politics: Feminism, Homosexuality and Pedophilia.@         JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY. 37(1999).

Morey, Anne-Janine. ABlaming Women for the Sexually Abusive Male Pastor.@ THE CHRISTIAN             CENTURY. Oct. 5, 1988.

Neuhaus. Richard John. AWhen shepherds go astray: Ethics of clergy sexual misconduct.@ FIRST            THINGS. 29(1993):55-58.

Plante, T.G.  ACatholic priests who sexually abuse minors: why do we hear so much yet know so little.@            PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY. 44(1996): 305-10.

Plante, Thomas, Gerdenio, Manuel, Bryant, Curtis.  APersonality and Cognitive Functioning Among Hospitalized Sexual Offending Roman Catholic Priests.@  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY: 45( 1996): 129-139.

Rigali, Norbert.  AChurch Responses to Pedophilia.@  THEOLOGICAL STUDIES. Vol.  55(1994):  124-139.

Rossetti, Stephen.  AThe Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Attitudes Toward God and the Catholic Church.@  CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT.  19(1995): 1469-81.

Rossetti, Stephen.  AThe effects of priest perpetration of child sexual abuse on the trust of Catholics in priesthood, church and God.@  JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY AND CHRISTIANITY.  16(1997): 197-209.

Rossi, Mary Ann.  AThe Legitimation of the Abuse of Women in Christianity.@  FEMINIST THEOLOGY 4(1993): 57-63.

Ruzicka, M.F.  APredictor variables in clergy pedophiles,@ PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS.  81(1997): 589-590.

Saradjian. Adam & Nobus. Dany. @Cognitive distortions of religious professionals who sexually abuse children.@  JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE. 18(2003):905-923.

Shaw. Russell.  AClericalism and the sex abuse scandal.@  AMERICA. 186(2002):15-17.

Sheldrake, Philip.  “Celibacy and Clerical Culture.”  THE WAY SUPPLEMENT 77(1994): 26-36.

Serritella, James.  AIssues Related to Clergy/Church Misconduct.@  COVENANT PUBLICATIONS. 1990.

Shepard, Benjamin. AIn search of a winning script: Moral panic vs. institutional denial.@   SEXUALITIES: STUDIES IN CULTURE AND SOCIETY. 6(2003):54-59

Sipe, A.W. Richard. AThe Problem of sexual trauma and addiction in the Catholic Church.@ SEXUAL ADDICTION AND COMPULSIVITY: THE JOURNAL OF TREATMENT AND PREVENTION. 1(1994): 130-137.

Sloyan. Gerard S. @Pedophilia among the Catholic clergy: Some questions and answers.@             THEOLOGY TODAY. 60(2003):154-169.

Sperry, Leo. M.D.  AProfiling Sexual Abusers.@  HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. 24(2003): 35-40.

Theis, John. APower and sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic Church.@ GRAIL: AN         ECUMENICAL JOURNAL. 8 :(1992)35-49.

Vaughan, Richard, S.J., AAdult Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse.@ HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. 18(1997): 38-42.

Warberg, Brent, Abel, Gene, Osborn, Candice. ACognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Professional Sexual            Misconduct Among Clergy.@  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY. 45(1996): 49-63.

Wolf, Ann.  ASexual Abuse Issues: An Annotated Bibliography@ THEOLOGY DIGEST.

41.4(1994): 331-344.

ARTICLES:  GENERAL

Abraham, W. Nicholas.  AThe significance of religious messages in sexual addiction.@ SEXUAL ADDICTION AND COMPULSIVITY: THE JOURNAL OF TREATMENT AND PREVENTION. 1(1994): 159-184.

Berthelot du Chesney, C.  AAnticlericalism.@  NEW CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA New York,           1967.  Vol. I: 618-620.

Bourdieu, Pierre.  ALegitimation and structured interests in Weber=s Sociology of Religion.@  in MAX WEBER, RATIONALITY AND MODERNITY. ed. by Sam Whimster and Scott Lash. London.  Allen and Unwin, 1987.

Boyle, John.  “The ordinary magisterium: Towards a History of the Concept.”  HEYTHROP        JOURNAL 20(1979): 380-398 and 21(1980): 14-29.

Byrne, Patricia.  “American Ultramontanism.” THEOLOGICAL STUDIES 56(1995): 301-326.

Byrnes, Timothy.  AThe Politics of the American Catholic Hierarchy.@  POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY. 108.3(1993), 497-514.

Coville, W. J. ABasic issues in the development and administration of a psychological assessment program for the religious life.@  In Coville, W. J., D=Arcy, P. F., McCarthy, T. N. and Rooney, J. J. (Eds.) ASSESSMENT OF CANDIDATES FOR THE RELIGIOUS LIFE: BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES AND PROCEDURES.  Washington, DC: Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate. 1968.

Cullinane, Bishop Peter, AClericalism: Avoidable Damage to the Church.@  AUSTRALASIAN    CATHOLIC REVIEW. 1997. 181-191.

Daly, Gabriel.  “Catholicism and Modernity.”  JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF RELIGION.  53(1985): 773-796.

Doerr, Edd.  AThe Political Power of the Catholic Church.@  THE HUMANIST. Sept-Oct. 1993: 16.

Donohue, William A. AThe problem with clericalism.@ SOCIETY (TRANSACTION), 40(2003):41-        42.

AVatican Interests Versus Public Interest.@  THE HUMANIST. Sept-Oct 1993: 33-37.

Ellens, J. Harold.  AHomosexuality in Biblical Perspective.@  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY. 46(1997): 35-53.

Fichter, Joseph, S.J. AAnticlericalism in the American Catholic Culture,@ THE CRITIC 21(1963):11-15.

Flynn, Frederick.  AClericalism, Anticlericalism.@ COMMONWEAL 56(1953): 43-47.

Fortune, Marie M. & Marshall, Joretta L. Editors. FORGIVENESS AND ABUSE: JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN REFLECTIONS. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Pastoral Press.  2002.

Greeley, Andrew. (2003). ASocial constructionism with a vengeance.@ SOCIETY                         (TRANSACTION), 40(2003):40.

Jenkins. Philip.  ACatholic crisis. Catholic solution.@ SOCIETY (TRANSACTION). 40(2003):8-9.

Moore, Thomas Verner.  AInsanity in priests and religious: I The rate of insanity in priests and      religious.@ AMERICAN ECCLESIASTICAL REVIEW.  95(1936): 485-498.

Moore, Thomas Verner.  AInsanity in priests and religious: II The detection of pre-psychotics who apply for admission to the priesthood or religious communities.@ AMERICAN ECCLESIASTICAL REVIEW. 95(1936): 601-13.

Moser, Charles and Kleinplatz, Peggy.  ADSM-IV TR and the Paraphilias: An Argument for Removal.@  At http://moser.gelteye.org.

Noonan, John.  “Development in Moral Doctrine.”  THEOLOGICAL STUDIES. 54(1993): 662- 678.

Orsy, Ladislaus. “Magisterium:  Assent and Dissent.”  THEOLOGICAL STUDIES. 48(1987):    473-497.

Pable, Martin.  “Psychology and Asceticism of Celibacy.”  REVIEW FOR RELIGIOUS 34(1975): 266-276.

Quade, Vicki and Simon, Ellen. AUnholy wars: human rights interview.@ HUMAN RIGHTS. 19(1992): 18-23.

Ruether, Rosemary. AMisogynism and Virginal Feminism in the Fathers of the Church,@ in Ruether, R., editor, RELIGION AND SEXISM. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1974.

Ryan, Edward.  “Some Limits and causes of the Centralization of the Church.”     THEOLOGICAL STUDIES. 11(1950): 525-546.

Schoenherr, Richard A.  ANumbers Don=t Lie: A Priesthood in Irreversible Decline.@       COMMONWEAL. 7 Apr 1995: 11-14.

Schoenherr, Richard A. and Young, Lawrence.  AQuitting the Clergy: Resignations in the Roman Catholic Priesthood.@  JOURNAL FOR THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF RELIGION.  29-4 (1990) 463-481.

Spohn, John.  “The Magisterium and Morality.”  THEOLOGICAL STUDIES. 54(1993): 95-        111.

Stecher, Reinhold, Bishop of Innsbruck.  AThoughts on the Decree on Lay Ministers,@

Taylor, Charles.  AClericalism.@  CROSS CURRENTS 10(1960): 327-336.

Whittuck, C.A. AClericalism and Anticlericalism.@ ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGION AND     ETHICS, Vol III: 690-695. Edinburgh. 1910.

ARTICLES:  CANON LAW

Alesandro, John A.  ADismissal from the Clerical State in Cases of Sexual Misconduct: Recent Derogations.@  PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC. 56(1994): 28-62.

Beal, John.  ADoing what one can: Canon Law and clerical sexual misconduct.@ JURIST. 52(1992): 592-633.

Beal, John.  AThe Rights of the Accused in the Canonical Penal Process.@  PROCEEDINGS OF

THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC.  53(1991): 77-97.

Beal, John.  “The 1962 Instruction Crimen Solicitationis: Caught Red-handed or Handed a Red-Herring.”  STUDIA CANONICA 41(2007): 199-236.

Cafardi, Nicholas.  AStones Instead of Bread: Sexually Abusive Priests in Ministry.@  STUDIA

CANONICA 27(1993): 145-172.

Cafardi, Nicholas.  ADiscovering the secret archives: evidentiary privileges for church records.@  JOURNAL OF LAW AND RELIGION. 95(1994).

Cimbolic, Peter.  AThe identification and treatment of sexual disorders and the priesthood.@ JURIST 52(1992). 598-614.

Cholij, Roman M.T. AThe Lex Continentiae and the Impediment of Orders.@ STUDIA

CANONICA 21(1987): 391-418.

Cogan, Patrick.  AThe Sacrament of Reconciliation: Issues, Praxis and the Future.@  PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC.  66(2004): 81-92.

Davies, Collins.  ASexual Abuse by Priests: A Contemporary Problem in the Church.@  45(2003): 157-165.

D’Avack, Pietro Agostino.  AL’Omosessualita nell diritto canonico,@ ULISSE 7(1953).

Donlon, James I. ARemuneration, Decent Support and Clerics Removed from the Ministry of the Church.@   PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC.  66(2004): 93-113.

Doyle, Thomas. “The Rights of Priests Accused of Sexual Misconduct.”  STUDIA CANONICA 24(1990).

Erskine, James.  “Toward Healing.”  PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA  AND NEW ZEALAND.  Canberra, Australia.  2006:  49-51.

Evinger, James.  AInvestigation and Disposition of Formal Ecclesiastical Cases of Pastoral Misconduct Involving Sexual Abuse: A Quantitative Study.@  JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE.  2(2001): 5-30.

Ferme, Brian.  AGraviora Delicta: the apostolic letter M.P., Sacramentorum sanctitatis tutela,@ in Suchecki, Zbignew, editor, IL PROCESSO PENALE CANONICO. Rome. Lateran University Press, 2002, p. 365-382.

Fischer, Kenneth E. ARespondeat Superior Redux: May a Diocesan Bishop be Vicariously Liable for the Intentional Torts of his Priests.@ STUDIA CANONICA 23(1989): 119-149.

Garrity, Robert M. ASpiritual and Canonical Values in Mandatory Celibacy.@ STUDIA CANONICA     27(1993): 217-260.

Golden, Paul.  “Advocacy for Clerics Accused of Sexual Abuse of Minors.”  PROCEEDINGS OF THE SIXTY-EIGTH ANNUAL CONVENTION.  Canon Law Society of America.  October 9-12, 2006.  68(2006): 129-148.

Green, Thomas J.  AClerical Sexual Abuse of Minors: Some Canonical Reflections.@  JURIST 63(2003): 366-425.

Griffin, Bertram.  AThe reassignment of a cleric who has been professionally evaluated and treated for sexual misconduct with minors: canonical considerations.@ JURIST 51(1991) 326-339.

Jenkins, Ronny E. AThe Charter and Norms Two Years Later; Towards a Resolution of Recent Canonical Dilemmas.@  PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC.  65(2003): 115-1136.

Jukes, John. ACanonical Considerations of the Motu Proprio Sacramentorum sanctitatis tutela@ CANON LAW SOCIETY NEWSLETTER. England. Canon Law Society of Great Britain and Ireland. 129(2002) 26-33.

Leydon, Judith.  “To Houhanga Rongo:  A Path to Healing.”  PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.  Canberra, Australia.  2006:  52-56.

Martens, K. ASecrecy in Catholicism.@  REVUE DE DROIT CANONIQUE 52(2002): 259-274.

McGrath, A.  AIs Canon 1395 a cause for disrepute for the Church.@  IRISH THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 1(2003): 51-60.

McGrath, John J.  ACanon Law and American Church Law: A Comparative Study.@  JURIST.    18(1958): 260-78.

McIntyre, John P. S.J.  AOptional Priestly Celibacy.@ STUDIA CANONICA 29(1995): 103-154.

Morrisey, Francis, O.M.I. AAddressing the Issue of Clergy Abuse.@ STUDIA CANONICA 35(2001): 403-420.

Morrisey, Francis.  AProcedure to Be Followed in Cases of Alleged Sexual Misconduct by a Priest,@ STUDIA CANONICA 26(1992): 39-74.

Mullaney. Michael.  AGraviora delicta: The duty to report clerical sexual abuse to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.@ IRISH THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY. 68(2003):291-295.

Oliver, Robert W. ASacramentorum sanctitatis tutela: Overview and Implementation of the Norms Concerning the More Grave Delicts Reserved to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.@ PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC.  65(2003): 151-172.

Paulson, Jerome.  AThe Clinical and canonical Considerations in Cases of pedophilia.@ STUDIA CANONICA. 22(1988): 77-124.

Pope, S.  AAccountability and Sexual Abuse in the United States: Lessons for the Universal Church.@  IRISH THEOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 69(2004): 73-88.

Proctor, John.  “Clerical Sexual Misconduct:  Canonical and Practical Consequences.”  CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA PROCEEDINGS 49(1988):  227-244.

Provost, James.  AOffenses against the Sixth Commandment: Towards a canonical analysis of Canon 1395.@ JURIST 55(1995):632-663.

Provost, James. ASome canonical considerations relative to clerical sexual misconduct.@ JURIST. 52(1992). 615-641.

Scicluna, Charles.  “The procedure and Praxis of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith regarding Graviora Delicta.”  PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.  Canberra, Australia.  2006:  4-8.

Scicluna, Charles.  Sexual Abuse of Children and Young People by Catholic Priests and   Religious: Description of the Problem from a Church Perspective.”  PROCEEDINGS OF      THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA          AND NEW ZEALAND.  Canberra, Australia.  2006:  9-14.

Scicluna, Charles.  “The Bishop and Priests with Problems.”  PROCEEDINGS OF THE   ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA   AND NEW ZEALAND.  Canberra, Australia.  2006: 15-24.

Scicluna, Charles.  “Recourse against Singular or Particular Administrative Acts of the      Diocesan Bishop concerning Graviora delicta Cases.”  PROCEEDINGS OF THE     ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.  Canberra, Australia.  2006: 25-35.

Shea, Patrick T.  AClergy Records: Civil Law Considerations.@  PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC. 58(1996): 326-345.

Tuohey, John.  AThe correct interpretation of Canon 1395: the use of the Sixth commandment in the moral tradition from Trent to the present day.@ JURIST 55(1995): 592-631.

Versaldi, G. AAspetti psicologici degli abusi sessuali perpetrati da chierici.@ PERIODICA. 91(2002): 29-48.

Ward, Daniel.  “Sexual Abuse and exploitation: Canon and Civil Law Issues Concerning Religious.”  CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA PROCEEDINGS 67(2005): 231-240.

Wiatrowski, Ralph E.  AClergy Records: Canon Law Considerations.@  PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC. 58(1996): 346-353.

Woestman, William.  “Sexual Abuse of a Minor as an Irregularity for Order:  A Magic Bullet.” STUDIA CANONICA.  40(2006):  31-42.

Yanguas, Aurelius.  ADe Crimine Pessimo et De Competentia S. Officii Relate Ad Illud.@ REVISTA ESPANOLA DE DERECHO CANONICO 1(1946): 427-439.

CANON LAW:  CHURCH FINANCES AND PROPERTY OWNERSHIP

Bartlett, C. J.  THE TENURE OF PAROCHIAL PROPERTY IN THE UNITED STATES.        Washington, D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1926.  Canon law Studies. No. 31.

Beal, John.  “It’s Déjà vu all over again: Lay Trusteeism Rides Again.” THE JURIST 68(2008): 497-568.

Chopko, Mark.  “An Overview on the Parish and Civil Law.”  THE JURIST. 67(2007):  194-226.

Reissner, Edward.  CANONICAL EMPLOYER-EMPLOEE RELATIONSHIP:  CANON 1524.  Washington D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1964.

Cafardi, Nicholas.  “The Availability of Parish Assets for Diocesan Debts:  A Canonical Analysis.”  SETON HALL LEGISLATIVE JOURNAL.  29(2009):  361-373.

Carey, Patrick.  “The Laity’s Understanding of the Trustee System: 1785-1855.”  CATHOLIC HISTORICAL REVIEW.  64(1978):  357-376.

Carey, Patrick.  “Republicanism within American Catholicism: 1785-1860.”  JOURNAL OF THE EARLY REPUBLIC. 3(1983): 414-437.

Comyns, Joseph.  PAPAL AND EPISCOPAL ADMINISTRATION OF CHURCH PROPERTY. Washington, D.C.  Catholic University of America.  1942.

Conlin, Daniel C.  AThe McGrath Thesis and its Impact on a Canonical Understanding of the Ownership of Ecclesiastical Goods.@  PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC. 64(2002): 73-96.

Desautels, Joseph.  MANUEL DES CURES.  Canada.  S.R. Publishers. 1968.  (reprint).

Dignan, Patrick.  A HISTORY OF THE LEGAL INCORPORATION OF CATHOLIC CHURCH PROPERTY IN THE UNITED STATES.  Washington, D.C. Catholic University of America. 1933.

Doheny, William.  PRACTICAL PROBLEMS IN CHURCH FINANCE. Milwaukee. Bruce Publishing. 1941.

Dowd, Thomas.  “Parish and Fabrique: An Introduction.”  Adventus.org.  http://adventus.org/en/fatherdowd/parish-and-fabrique-an-introduction/

Falardeau, Jean.  “The Parish as an Institutional Type.”  THE CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE. 15(1949): 353-367.

Gerber, David.  “Modernity in the Service of Tradition: Catholic Lay Trustees at Buffalo’s St. Louis Church and the Transformation of European Communal Traditions, 1929-1855.”  JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HISTORY.

Heston, Edward.  THE ALIENATION OF CHURCH PROPERTY.  Washington, D.C. Catholic University of America. 1941.

King, William J.  AThe Corporation Sole and Subsidiarity.@  PROCEEDINGS OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF AMERICA. Washington DC.  65(2003): 107-134.

Maida, Adam.  ACanonical and Legal Fallacies of the McGrath Thesis on reorganization of Church Entities.@  THE CATHOLIC LAWYER.  19(1974): 275-286.

Maida, Adam and Cafardi, Nicholas.  CHURCH PROPERTY, CHURCH FINANCES AND CHURCH-RELATED CORPORATIONS. St. Louis.  Catholic Health Association of the United States.  1983.

McGrath, John.  Catholic INSTITUTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES: CANONICAL AND CIVIL LAW STATUS.  Washington, D.C.  Catholic University of America, 1968.

McKenna, Kevin, DiNardo, Lawrence, Pokusa, Joseph., Editors. CHURCH FINANCE HANDBOOK. Washington, D.C. Canon Law Society of America. 1999.

Read, Gordon.  “Ownership, Bankruptcy and the Protection of Church Property.” NEWSLETTER OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 146(2006): 17-20.

Read, Gordon. More on Bankruptcy and the Administration of Church Property.” NEWSLETTER OF THE CANON LAW SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 147(2006): 17-22..

Sigur, A.O.  ALay Cooperation in the Administration of Church Property.@  JURIST.  13(1953):

171-200.

ARTICLES:  CIVIL LAW

Aaron, Titus. AThe civil liability of churches for sexual misconduct.@  SOCIAL JUSTICE            REVIEW, 83(1992):45-47.

Abrams, Norman. AAddressing the tension between the clergy-communicant privilege and the duty to report child abuse in state statutes.@ BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW, 44(2003):1127-1166.

Ainsa, Francis S. A Permissive statute of limitation policies.@ THE CATHOLIC LAWYER, 36(1995):83-89.

Anonymous. Child abuse reporting statutes. LAW AND CHURCH. 4(1989):1-2.

Anonymous. (1989). Church liability for torts. LAW AND CHURCH. 5(1989):1-3

Anonymous. (1998). AClergy malpractice and sexual harassment: A federal appeals court addresses both issues in an important rulingCSanders v. Casa View Baptist Church.@  CHURCH LAW AND TAX REPORT: A REVIEW OF LEGAL AND TAX DEVELOPMENTS AFFECTING MINISTERS AND CHURCHES. 1998. (May/Jun.): 3-10.

Anderson, Jeffrey.  AGods and Monsters: It’s Time for the Catholic Church to reform its sexual abuse policies.@  CALIFORNIA LAW BUSINESS Sept. 18, 2000.

Arnold, John H. A Clergy sexual malpractice.@  UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA JOURNAL OF    LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY. 8(1996):25-49

Aylward, Michael F. AConstitution, crime, clergy: First Amendment implications of sexual abuse             claims.@ DEFENSE COUNSEL JOURNAL. 70(2003):196-205.

Baker, Jr., John S.  AProsecuting dioceses and bishops.@ BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW, 44(2003):1061-1088.

Ballotta, Karen Ann.  ALosing its Soul: How the Cipolla Case Limits the Catholic Church’s Ability to Discipline Sexually Abusive Priests.@  EMORY LAW JOURNAL. Fall, 1994 (43 Emory L.J. 1431).

Brennan, John S. AThe First Amendment is not the 8th sacrament: Exorcising the ecclesiastical abstention doctrine defense from legal and equitable claims for sexual abuse based on negligent supervision or hiring of clergy.@ THOMAS M. COOLEY JOURNAL OF PRACTICAL AND CLINICAL LAW. 5(2002):243-299.

Brown, Kenneth C., Abramson, Mark A., & Miller, Jo A.  AShall we Aprey@: Liability for clergy malpractice in cases of sexual misconduct.@  NEW HAMPSHIRE BAR JOURNAL. 35(1994):59-67.

Burek, Lawrence M.  AClergy malpractice: Making clergy accountable to a lower power.@

PEPPERDINE LAW REVIEW. 14(1986):257-137-161.

Cafardi, Nicholas P.  ADiscovering the secret archives: Evidentiary privileges for church   records.@  THE JOURNAL OF LAW AND RELIGION. 10(1993-1994):95-120.

Carmella, Angela C.  AThe protection of children and young people: Catholic and constitutional visions of responsible freedom.@ BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW. 44(2003):1031-1060.

Cassidy, R. Michael. @ Sharing sacred secrets: Is it (past) time for a dangerous person exception to the clergy-penitent privilege?@  WILLIAM AND MARY LAW REVIEW.  44(2003):1627ff.

Chopko, Mark. AStating claims against religious institutions.@  BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW. 44(2003):1089-1226.

Chopko, Mark and Stinski, Brent. ARestoring trust and faith: human rights abuses do happen.@ HUMAN RIGHTS 19(1992): 22-26.

Chopko, Mark.  AOverview on the Parish and Civil Law.@  JURIST 67(2007): 194-226.

Clark, Kelly.  “Remarks from a Peculiar Lamp-Post: Observation of a Christian Trial Lawyer on Fifteen years of Suing the Church.”  THE AMERICAN EXPERIMENT: RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.  Portland, Oregon.  University of Portland. 2008.

Clark, Kelly.  “Of Compelling Interest: The Intersection of Religious Freedom and Civil Liability in the Portland Priest Sex Abuse Cases.”  OREGON LAW REVIEW  85(2006): 481-540.

Cornell, Ruth. AThe church and the law in the Ninth Circuit concerning mandatory reporting of child sexual abuse: What the legal advocate representing a church or clergy needs to know about Ninth Circuit child sexual abuse reporting statutes.@  JOURNAL OF LEGAL ADVOCACY AND PRACTICE. 1(1999):137ff.

Coughlin, John J. AThe clergy sexual abuse crisis and the spirit of canon law.@ BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW. 44(2003):977-998.

Deibel, David. ASaving grace: defending priests accused of sexual misconduct.@  SAN FRANCISCO ATTORNEY. 24(1998): 14-17.

Doyle, Thomas and Rubino, Stephen.  ACatholic Clergy Sexual Abuse meets the Civil Law.@       FORDHAM URBAN LAW JOURNAL.  31(January 2004). 549-615.

Fain, Constance Frisby.  AClergy malpractice: liability for negligent counseling and sexual misconduct.@  MISSISSIPPI COLLEGE LAW REVIEW. 12(1991): 97-141.

Farrell, Christopher R.  AEcclesiastical abstention and the crisis in the Catholic Church.@ THE JOURNAL OF LAW AND POLITICS. 19(2003):109-143

Fedje, Jill.  ALiability for Sexual Abuse: The Anomalous Immunity of Churches.@  LAW AND    INEQUALITY.  9(1990): 133-161.

Fenton, Zanita. AFaith in Justice: Fiduciaries, Malpractice & Sexual Abuse by Clergy.@ MICHIGAN JOURNAL OF GENDER AND LAW.  45(2001).  (8 Mich. J. Gender & L 45).

Garrison, Arthur.  “Child Sexual Abuse Accomodation Syndrome: Issues of Admissability in Criminal Trials.”  IPT JOURNAL, 10(1998).

Graziano, Sue Ganske.  AClergy malpractice.@  WHITTIER LAW REVIEW. 12(1991): 349-355.

Geraghy, Michael C. A Litigating against distant insurance carriers.@  THE CATHOLIC LAWYER. 36(1995):91-96.

Gunnerson, Spencer H.  AFranco v. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: The constitutionality of clergy malpractice claims.@ JOURNAL OF FAMILY LAW STUDIES. 4(2002):175ff

Hamilton, Marci.  AReligion, the Rule of Law, and the Good of the Whole: A View from the Clergy.@ THE JOURNAL OF LAW AND POLITICS.  Vol. XVIII, No 2, Spring 2002: 387-443.

Hamm, John Patrick.  AIn defense of the church.@  UNIVERSITY OF LOUISVILLE JOURNAL OF FAMILY LAW. 33(1995): 705-721.

Hammar, Richard R. AA legal profile of American churches.@  CHURCH LAW & TAX REPORT. 10(1996):30.

Hammar, Richard R. A Application of child abuse reporting laws to ministers and lay church

employees.@  CHURCH LAW & TAX REPORT. 14(2000):1-9.

Hammar, Richard R. AApplication of child abuse reporting laws to ministers and lay church employees — Part 2.@  CHURCH LAW & TAX REPORT.  14(2000):10-13.

Hammar, Richard R.  AApplication of child abuse reporting laws to ministers and lay church employees — The 2001 survey of state laws.@  CHURCH LAW & TAX REPORT.  15(2001):9-19.

Hammersley, Faye M. A Reconciling L.L.N. v. Clauder and Pritzlaff v. Archdiocese of Milwaukee: Does this mean blanket immunity for religious organizations?@ MARQUETTE LAW REVIEW 81(1998):611ff.

Hettich, Daniel John & Dinger, Erica Lee.  AThey answer to a higher standard: The ethical obligations of church attorneys in sexual abuse cases.@ THE GEORGETOWN JOURNAL OF LEGAL ETHICS. 16(2003):635-653.

Idleman. Scott C. ATort liability. religious entities. and the decline of constitutional protection.@ INDIANA UNIVERSITY LAW JOURNAL. 75(2000):219ff.

Jorgensen. Linda Mabus. Hirsch. Audrey B… & Wahl. Kathleen M.  AFiduciary duty and

boundaries: Acting in the client=s best interest.@  BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES AND THE LAW. 15(1996):49-62.

Keel. J. Michael  A Law and religion collide again: The priest-penitent privilege.@ CUMBERLAND LAW REVIEW. 28(1997): 681ff.

Kristjanson. Freya. >Vicarious liability for sexual assault.@ CANADIAN WOMAN STUDIES. 19(1999):93-101.

Logan. Wayne A.  ACriminal law sanctuaries.@  HARVARD CIVIL RIGHTS – CIVIL LIBERTIES LAW REVIEW. 38(2003):321-391.

Lothstein. L.M… ACan a sexually addicted priest return to ministry after treatment? Psychological issues and possible forensic solutions.@ THE CATHOLIC LAWYER. 34(1992):89-113.

Lytton, Timothy.  “Clergy Sexual Abuse Litigation: The Policymaking Role of Tort Law.”              CONNECTICULT LAW REVIEW.  39(2007).

Maida. Adam J. A The selection. training. and removal of diocesan clergy.@ THE CATHOLIC LAWYER. 33(1990):53-60.

Mancini. Nicholas R. A Mobsters in the monastery? Applicability of civil RICO to the clergy sexual misconduct scandal and the Catholic Church.@  ROGER WILLIAMS UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW. 8(2002):193ff

Mangold. Susan Vivian. AReforming child protection in response to the Catholic Church child sexual abuse scandal.@  UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA JOURNAL OF LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY. 14(2003):155-178.

Mansfield. John H. AConstitutional limits on the liability of churches for negligent supervision and breach of fiduciary duty.@ BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW. 44(2003):1167-1180.

Martin. Jamie. AJustice for victims? — The sentencing of public trust figures convicted of child sexual abuse: A focus on religious leaders.@  ALBERTA LAW REVIEW. 32(1994):16-36.

McKenna. Kevin E. A Confidential clergy matters and the secret archives.@ STUDIA CANONICA. 26(1):191-207.

McMenamin, Robert.  AClergy Malpractice.@  CASES AND COMMENT. 90(1985).

Merlino. Anthony. @Tightening the seal: Protecting the Catholic confessional from unprotective priest-penitent privileges.@  SETON HALL LAW REVIEW. 32(2002):655ff.

Mitchell, Mary Hart.  AMust Clergy Tell?  Child Abuse Reporting Requirement Versus Clergy      Privilege.@ MINNESOTA LAW REVIEW.  71(1987): 723-825.

Moon. Jeffrey Hunter. AProtection against the discovery or disclosure of church documents and records.@  THE CATHOLIC LAWYER. 39(1999):27ff.

Norris. Donna M. AForensic consultation and the clergy sexual abuse crisis.@  THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PSYCHIATRY AND THE LAW. 31(2003):154-157.

Nugent. Janna Satz.  AA higher authority: The viability of third party tort actions against a religious institution grounded on sexual misconduct by a member of the clergy.@ FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW. 30(2003):957-986.

O=Brien. Richard C. A Pedophilia: The legal predicament of clergy.@  JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY HEALTH LAW AND POLICY. 4(1988):91-154.

O=Malley. Shannon.  AAt all costs: Mandatory child abuse reporting statutes and the clergy-communicant privilege.@  THE REVIEW OF LITIGATION. 21(2002):701ff.

O=Reilly, J.T. and Strasser, J.M. AClergy Sexual Misconduct: Confronting the Difficult Constitutional and Institutional Liability Claims.@ ST. THOMAS LAW REVIEW. 7(1994): 31-73.

Orsy. Ladislas M. ABishops= norms: Commentary and evaluation.@ BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW. 44(2003):999-1030.

Perciaccante, Marianne.  AThe Courts and Canon Law.@  CORNELL JOURNAL OF LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY.  Fall 1996. (6 Cornell J.L. & Pub Pol’y 171).

Perez. Yanet.  AConstitutional law — Free exercise clause — Claim of sexually inappropriate conduct by clergyman during the course of pastoral counseling. in breach of the clergyman=s fiduciary duty owed parishioner. could be resolved by the courts without becoming entangled in the clergyman=s free exercise of religion — F.G. v. MacDonnell. 150 N.J. 550. 696 A.2d 697 (1997).@ SETON HALL LAW REVIEW. 28(1997):712-719.

Philip. Ryan M. ASilence at our expense: Balancing safety and secrecy in non disclosure agreements.@  SETON HALL LAW REVIEW. 33(2003):845-880.

Price. David R. & McDonald. James S… Jr. AThe problem of false claims of clergy sexual abuse.@ RISK MANAGEMENT. 50(2003):48-51.

Pudelski. Christopher R. AThe constitutional fate of mandatory reporting statutes and the clergy-communicant privilege in a post-Smith world.@ NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW. 98(2004):703ff.

Quadrio. Carolyn. ASexual abuse involving therapists. clergy and judiciary: Closed ranks.

collusions and conspiracies of silence.@  PSYCHIATRY. PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW. 1(1994):189-198.

Redmond. Sheila A.  AIt can=t be true and if it is it=s not our fault: An examination of Roman Catholic institutional response to priestly paedophilia in the Ottawa Valley.@ HISTORICAL PAPERS: CANADIAN SOCIETY OF CHURCH HISTORY.  1993:229-245.

Reid. Brittany. AIf gold rust@: The clergy child abuse scandal demonstrates the need for limits to             the church autonomy doctrine.@  MISSISSIPPI LAW REVIEW. 72(2002):865ff.

Rosen. Lindsey. @Recent Decision section. Constitutional law — In bad faith: Breach of fiduciary duty by the clergy — F.G. v. MacDonell. 696 A.2d 697 (N.J. 1997)@. TEMPLE LAW REVIEW. 71(1998):743-771.

Ross. Karen L. ARevealing confidential secrets: Will it save our children?@  SETON HALL LAW REVIEW. 28(1998):963ff

Rubino. Stephen C.  A Suffer the parents: Clergy sexual abuse of children.@ TRIAL. 32(1996):18-22.

Russell. Dawn. A Paedophilia: The criminal responsibility of Canada=s churches. DALHOUSIE LAW JOURNAL. 15(1992):380-427.

Russell. Laura. @Pursuing criminal liability for the Church and its decision makers for their role in priest sexual abuse.@ WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY LAW QUARTERLY. 81(1994):885ff

Sargent. Mark A. ALegal defense: When sued. how should the church behave?@ COMMONWEAL.  129(2002):13-15.

Schaefer. Arthur Gross & Levine. Darren. @No sanctuary from the law: Legal issues facing clergy.@ LOYOLA OF LOS ANGELES LAW REVIEW. 30(1996):177-214.

Seferian. Avedis H. & Wakley. James T.  ASecrecy clauses in sexual molestation settlements: Should courts agree to seal documents in cases involving the Catholic Church?@ THE GEORGETOWN JOURNAL OF LEGAL ETHICS. 16(2003):801-814.

Serritella. James A. A Insurance coverage issues in cases of clergy misconduct.@ THE CATHOLIC LAWYER. 39(1999):55-79.

Serritella, James.  AIssues Related to Clergy/Church Misconduct.@  COVENANT PUBLICATIONS. 1990.

Shoop. Julie Gannon. ASuffer the little children: Lawsuits target churches for sex abuse by clergy.@  TRIAL. 29(1993):11-13.

Short. Emily C. ATorts: Praying for the parish or preying on the parish? Clergy sexual misconduct and the tort of clergy malpractice.@  OKLAHOMA LAW REVIEW. 57.(2004):183-224.

Skeel. Jr… David A. AAvoiding moral bankruptcy.@ BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW. 44(2003):1181-1200.

Smith. Lisa M.  ALifting the veil of secrecy: Mandatory child abuse reporting statutes may encourage the Catholic Church to report priests who molest children.@ LAW AND PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW. 18(1994):409-421.

Stauffer, Ian, R, and Hyde, Christian B.  AThe sins of the fathers: vicarious liability of churches.@            OTTAWA LAW REVIEW.  24(1993): 561-577.

Underwood. Anne. ADoing justice in cases of clergy abuse of power: A legal perspective.@ JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE: ADVOCACY. PASTORAL CARE AND PREVENTION. 1(2003):35-65.

Villiers. Janice D. AClergy malpractice revisited: Liability for sexual misconduct in the counseling relationship.@  DENVER UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW. 74(1996):1-64

Wallace. Jennifer L. AFiduciary theory imposes higher duty and direct liability on church for clergy sexual misconduct — Tenantry v. Diocese of Colorado. 863 P.2d 310 (Colo. 1993).@ SUFFOLK UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW. 28(1994):331-339.

Wells. Catharine Pierce. AChurches. charities. and corrective justice: Making churches pay for the sins of their clergy.@  BOSTON COLLEGE LAW REVIEW. 44(2003):1201-1228.

Wilbourn. Beth. ASuffer the children: Catholic Church liability for the sexual abuse acts of priests.@ THE REVIEW OF LITIGATION.15 (1996):251-266.

Wilkinson, Allen P.  AClergy malpractice: cloaked by the cloth?@  TRIAL 26(1990: 36-40.

Wilson, Elizabeth A. “Suing for Lost Childhood: Child Sexual Abuse, The delayed Discovery Rue and the Problem of Finding Justice for Adult-Survivors of Child Abuse.”  UCLA Womens’ Law Journal 145(2003).

Wood. John Trevor. ACauses of action in Missouri against the church and clergy for sexual misconduct in Gibson v. Brewer.@ UMKC LAW REVIEW. 65(1997):1027-1052.

Wylie-Kellermann. Jeanie. @Reconsideration of sexual misconduct by clergy counselors: The case of F.G. v. MacDonnell.@ THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PSYCHIATRY AND THE LAW. 26(1999):289-293.

Young, John L. and Griffith, Ezra.  ARegulating pastoral counseling practice: the problem of sexual misconduct.@  THE BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PSYCHIATRY AND LAW.  23(1995): 421-432.

HISTORICAL STUDIES: ARTICLES

Anderson, C. Colt. (2002). Bonaventure and the sin of the Church. THEOLOGICAL STUDIES,             63(2002):667-689.

Anderson, C. Colt.  “When Magisterium Becomes Imperium:  Peter Damian on the Accountability of Bishops for Scandal.”  THEOLOGICAL STUDIES 65(2004): 741-766.

Baldwin, John W.  AA campaign to Reduce Clerical Celibacy at the Turn of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries,@ in ETUDES D=HISTOIRE DU DROIT CANONIQUE DEDIEES A GABRIEL LE BRAS. 2 vols. Paris. Sirey, 1965.

Callam, D. AClerical continence in the fourth century.  Three papal decretals.@ THEOLOGICAL             STUDIES. 41(1980): 3-50.

Dalpiaz, V. ADe abusu matrimonii et de crimine sollicitationis.@  APOLLINARIS 6(1933): 244-249.

Dortel-Claudot, M. ALe pretre et le mariage. Evolution de la legislation canonique des origine au XIIe siecle.@  ANNEE CANONIQUE 17(1973): 319-344.

Evinger, James and Cadorette, Curt.  “Nothing bad Happened…A 19th century letter from the     archbishop of Manila to the Cardinal of Toledo concerning the sexual abuse of an Indian             student.”  JOURNAL OF RELIGION AND ABUSE. 8(2006): 23-39.

Fraher, Richard M.  AUt nullus describatur reus orius quam convincatur: Presumption of innocence in medieval canon law?@ PROCEEDINGS OF THE SIXTH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF MEDIEVAL CANON LAW.  Citta del Vaticano.  Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.  1985.

Fraher, Richard M.  APreventing crime in the high middle ages: The medieval lawyers= search for deterrence.  POPES, TEACHERS AND CANON LAW IN THE MIDDLE AGES. Ithaca NY.  Cornell University Press.  1989.

Fraher, Richard M. AIV Lateran=s revolution in criminal procedure: The birth of Inquisitio, the end of ordeals and Innocent III=s vision of ecclesiastical politics.@  STUDIA IN HONOREM EMINENTISSIMI CARDINALIS ALPHONSI M. STICKLER. Studia et Textus Historiae Iuris Canonici, V. 6. Roma.  LAS. 1991.

Gaudemet, Jean. ALe celibat ecclesiastique: le droit et la pratique du XI e au XIIe siecle, @ZEITSCHRIFT DER SAVIGNY-STIFTUNG FIR RECHTSGESSCHCHTE, ka 68 (1982).

Goodich, Michael. ASodomy in ecclesiastical law and theory.@ JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY. 1(1976): 427-34.

Goodich, Michael.  ASodomy in Medieval secular law.@ JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY. 1, no. 3, 1976: 295-302

Grabowski, John S.  AClerical sexual misconduct and early Christian traditions regarding the Sixth Commandment.@  JURIST. 55(1995): 527-591.

Helmholz, R.H. ADiscipline of the Clergy: Medieval and Modern.@ ECCLESIASTICAL LAW JOURNAL 6(2001). 47-50.

Helmholz, Richard.  “Childrens’ Rights and the Canon Law:  Law and Practice in Later Medieval England.”  JURIST 67(2007): 39-57.

Jason, Peter.  AThe Courts Christian in Medieval England.@  THE CATHOLIC LAWYER. 1997 (37 Catholic Law. 339).

Jochens, Jenny. AThe Church and Sexuality in Medieval Iceland.@  JOURNAL OF MEDIEVAL HISTORY 24(1980): 377-85.

Kamen, Henry.  AClerical Violence in a Catholic Society: The Hispanic World 1450-1720.@ in Sheils, W.J.,editor, THE CHURCH AND WAR. London. Basil Blackwell, 1983.

Kelly, Henry Ansgar.  “Inquisition and the Prosecution of Heresy:  Misconceptions and Abuses.”  CHURCH HISTORY.  58(1989): 439-451.

Kirsch. George B. A Clerical dismissals in colonial and Revolutionary New Hampshire.@CHURCH HISTORY. 49(1980):160-177.

Kolve, V.A.  “Ganymede/Son of Getron:  Medieval Monasticism and the Drama of Same-Sex Desire.”  SPECULUM 73(1998): 1014-1067.

Lynch, John E.  AMarriage and Celibacy of the Clergy: The Discipline of the Western Church; An Historical-Canonical Synopsis.@  JURIST. 32(1972), 14-38, 189-212.

McLaughlin, T.M. AThe Prohibition of Marriage Against Canons in the Early Twelfth Century.@  MEDIEVAL STUDIES. 3(1941. 94-100.

Pagliarini, Marie Ann. AThe pure American woman and the wicked Catholic priest: An analysis of anti-Catholic literature in antebellum America.@ RELIGION AND AMERICAN CULTURE: A JOURNAL OF INTERPRETATION. 9(1999):997-128.

Reed, Albert.  AThe Careful Selection and Training of Candidates for the States of Perfection and Sacred Orders.@ JURIST. 23(1963). 34-49.

Rocke, Michael. ASodomites in Fifteenth century Tuscany: The views of Bernardino of Siena,@ JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, 16(1988): 7-31.

Ruggiero, Guido. ACriminal Sexuality in the early Renaissance: Venice, 1338-1358,@ JOURNAL OF SOCIAL HISTORY 8(1974-75): 18-37.

Schroeder. Joy A. AMarguerite of Navarre breaks silence about sixteenth-century clergy sexual     violence.@ LUTHERAN QUARTERLY. 7(1993):171-190.

Sheer, R.  AA canon, a choirboy and homosexuality in late sixteenth century Italy: a case study,@             JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY 21(1991): 1-22.

ARTICLES: SEXUAL ABUSE AND TRAUMA:

Benkert, Marianne and Doyle, Thomas.  “Clericalism, Religious Duress and its Psychological Impact on Victims of Clergy Sexual Abuse.”  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY.  58(2009).

Chu, J.A and Dill, D.L. “Dissociative symptoms in relation to childhood physical and sexual abuse.  AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY.  147(1990): 887-892.

Doyle, Thomas.  “The Spiritual Trauma experienced by Victims of Sexual Abuse by catholic Clergy.”  PASTORAL PSYCHOLOGY.  58(2009).

Garrison, Arthur.  Child Abuse Accomodation Syndrome:  Issues of Admissibiluty in Crimonal Trials.”  IPT Journal 10(1998): 1-19.

Freyd, Jennifer.  “Betrayal Trauma:  Traumatic amnesia as an adaptive response to childhood abuse.”  ETHICS AND BEHAVIOR  4(1994): 307-329.

Freyd, Jennifer. “Memory for abuse:  What can we learn from a prosecution sample?”  JOUIRNAL OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE.  12(2003): 97-103.

Freyd, J.J., DePrince, A.P., Gleaves, D.  “The state of betrayal trauma theory: reply to McNally.” MEMORY.  15(2007): 295-311.

Julich, Shirley.  “Stockholm Syndrome and Child Sexual abuse.” JOURNAL OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE. 14(2005): 114-126.

Summit, Roland. M.D.  “The Child Sexual Abuse Accomodation Syndrome.”  CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT.  7(1983): 177-193.